Takao Okazaki

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Turbidity and light scattering measurements, along with phase contrast microscopy, were used to follow the processes leading to coacervation when aqueous solutions of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and poly-(dimethyldiallylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC) were brought from pH = 4 to 10. The state of macromolecular assembly of complexes formed between BSA and(More)
First examples of stable carbocations are reported from several classes of thia-PAHs with four fused rings, namely, benzo[b]naphtho[2,1-d]thiophene (1) and its 3-methoxy derivative (2), phenanthro[4,3-b]thiophene (3) and its 7-methoxy (4), 10-methoxy (5), and 9-methoxy (6) derivatives, phenanthro[3,4-b]thiophene (7) and its 7-methoxy (8) and 9-methoxy (9)(More)
Reaction of [ArN(2)][BF(4)] salts immobilized in [BMIM][PF(6)] ionic liquid (IL) with TMSX (X = I, Br) and TMSN(3) represents an efficient method for the preparation of iodo-, bromo-, and azido-derivatives via dediazoniation. The reactions can also be effected starting with ArNH(2) by in situ diazotization with [NO][BF(4)] followed by reaction with TMSX or(More)
Mono- and diprotonated carbocations and the two-electron oxidation dications derived from parent pyrene and its nonalternant isomers "azupyrene"(dicyclopenta[ef,kl]heptalene)(DCPH) and dicyclohepta[ed,gh]pentalene (DCHP) were studied by DFT at the B3LYP/6-31G(d) level. The most likely site(s) for mono- and diprotonation were determined based on relative(More)
Tripod-shaped trithiols 1-3, containing CH2SH groups at the three bridgehead positions of the adamantane framework and a halogen-containing group [Br (1), p-BrC6H4 (2), or p-IC6H4 (3)] at the fourth bridgehead, were synthesized, and self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) were prepared on atomically flat Au111 surfaces. The three-point chemisorption of these(More)
1,4-Difluorobenzo[c]phenanthrene (1,4-DFBcPh) and its putative metabolites, the dihydrodiol and diol epoxides, have been synthesized and structurally characterized, and the extent of DNA binding by the metabolites has been assessed. 1,4-DFBcPh and 1,4-difluoro-10-methoxybenzo[c]phenanthrene were prepared by photochemical cyclization of appropriate(More)
A mild and efficient process has been developed for the one-pot adamantylation of aromatic substrates employing 1-AdaOH, 1-AdaCl, 1-AdaBr, and 1-Br-3,5,7-trimethyladamantane as adamantylating agents, with triflic acid (TfOH) as promoter and n-butylmethylimidazolium triflate [BMIM][OTf] room temperature ionic liquid (IL) as solvent. The influence of reaction(More)
Arenediazonium tetrafluoroborate salts undergo metathesis on immobilization in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonato)amide [BMIM][Tf(2)N]. The "noncoordinating", "nonnucleophilic" [Tf(2)N] anion acts as an ambident nucleophile toward the aryl cations, formed via thermal dediazoniation, to give predominantly the oxy anion quenching(More)
A DFT study of the hitherto elusive 1,3-dehydro-silaadamantane dications 2(2+)-5(2+) has been carried out. Computed nucleus independent chemical shift (NICS) values are strongly indicative of three-dimensional heteroaromaticity in the resulting caged dications (via 2-electron, 4-center homoconjugation). In the optimized structures, silicon is pyramidalized.(More)