Takao Kohsaka

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OBJECTIVE Over the past 10 years, we have collected data on pediatric patients less than 16 years of age from the National Registry of CAPD (continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis). We present our experience with this population. DESIGN The database details the patient number, age, weight, height, outcome, cause of death, reason for terminating CAPD(More)
Genetic factors seem to play a significant role in susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the amino acid polymorphism (Val14Met) found within the IFN-gamma receptor gene (IFNGR1) plays a prominent role in susceptibility to SLE. We found Val14Met located at the COOH terminal of the signal(More)
There have been several reports suggesting that the deficiency of complement 4 (C4) and/or deletion of C4 genes are the genetic risk factors in patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and Henoch-Schönlein nephritis (HSN). In the current study, we tried to clarify the genetic structure of deleted C4 genes as well as the isotype deficiency of the patients. Also,(More)
We report new mutations in exon 9 of the WT1 gene that did not alter the ratio of +/- KTS splice isoforms in two unrelated patients with Frasier syndrome (FS). The mutation of intron 9 inducing defective alternative splicing was reported to be responsible for this syndrome. The mutations found in our cases occurred in the same exon of the WT1 gene as(More)
The effects of conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) and high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFO) on intraalveolar expression of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) gene were studied in surfactant-depleted rabbits. After lung lavage with saline, 13 rabbits were administered either CMV (n = 6) or HFO (n = 7) for 1 h at an FiO2 of 1.0 and a(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the Th1/Th2 balance of peripheral Th cells in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS The Th1:Th2 ratio was analyzed in 3 groups: SLE without proteinuria (group I; n = 23), SLE with proteinuria (group II; n = 31), and normal controls (group III; n = 24). Group II patients who had undergone renal biopsy were(More)
This study aimed to examine whether lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced increase in tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) gene transcription was regulated by beta-adrenoceptor activation and whether TNF-alpha and IL-6 gene transcription was regulated by angiotensin II in rat renal resident macrophage cells. The cells were(More)
OBJECTIVE Lupus nephritis, which shows various histologic patterns, is a serious complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We previously demonstrated the importance of Thl cell-mediated immune response in patients with diffuse proliferative lupus nephritis (DPLN). The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the peripheral blood(More)
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis is an enteric pathogen that induces a variety of clinical symptoms, fever, scarlatiniform rash, diarrhea, vomiting, and arthritis. Characteristic histopathologic findings in Y. pseudotuberculosis infection such as lymphoid hyperplasia, typically seen in mesenteric lymph nodes, suggest that the stimulation of a large proportion of(More)
Mutations of human jagged 1 (JAG1) gene are responsible for Alagille Syndrome (AGS), whose 2 main symptoms are intrahepatic bile duct hypoplasia and pulmonary stenosis. We examined the JAG1 mutation in extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA), which is similar in phenotype to AGS, although a different pathogenesis is suggested. In 102 cases of EHBA, 9 missense(More)