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We demonstrate the value of the thermotolerant yeast Issatchenkia orientalis as a candidate microorganism for bioethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass with the goal of consolidated bioprocessing. The I. orientalis MF-121 strain is acid tolerant, ethanol tolerant, and thermotolerant, and is thus a multistress-tolerant yeast. To express heterologous(More)
Repeated gene manipulations can be performed in yeast by excision of an introduced marker. Cassette modules containing a marker flanked by two direct repeat sequences of hisG or loxP have often been used for marker recycling, but these leave one copy of the repeats in the chromosome after excision. Genomic copies of a repeat can cause increased mistargeting(More)
We have estimated the effects of hyper-mannosylation of dockerin-type cellulase on cellulosome assembly by using Saccharomyces cerevisiae and 44 protein glycosylation mutants, because the heterologous protein displayed on yeast is assumed to be modified by yeast-specific hyper-mannosylation. First, we constructed the yeast strain CtminiCipA, which displays(More)
Strong terminator regions could be used to improve metabolically engineered yeasts by increasing the target enzyme protein yields above those achieved with traditional terminator regions. We recently identified five strong terminator regions (RPL41Bt, RPL15At, DIT1t, RPL3t, and IDP1t) in a comprehensive analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The effect of(More)
The yeast MAPKKK Ste11 activates three MAP kinase pathways, including pheromone signaling, osmosensing, and pseudohyphal/invasive growth pathways. We identified two chemical compounds, BTB03006 and GK03225, that suppress growth defects induced by Ste11 activation in diploid yeast cells. BTB03006, but not GK03225, was found to suppress growth defects induced(More)
In order to enhance heterologous cellulase protein production in yeast, a plasmid harboring the endoglucanase gene from Clostridium thermocellum (Ctcel8A) was used to systematically transform a homozygous diploid yeast deletion strain collection. We identified 55 deletion strains that exhibited enhanced endoglucanase activity compared with that of the(More)
Glutamate has been shown to induce neural progenitor cells in the adult vertebrate retina. However, protein dynamics during progenitor cell induction by glutamate are not fully understood. To identify specific proteins involved in the process, we employed two-dimensional electrophoresis-based proteomics on glutamate untreated and treated retinal ex vivo(More)
The cytolethal distending toxins (CDTs) are secreted virulence proteins produced by several bacterial pathogens, and the subunit CdtB has the ability to create DNA lesions, primarily DNA single-strand breaks (SSBs) in vitro, and cause cell cycle arrest, cellular distension, and cell death in both mammalian and yeast cells. To elucidate the components of the(More)
Recombinant DNAs are traditionally constructed using Escherichia coli plasmids. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, chromosomal gene targeting is a common technique, implying that the yeast homologous recombination system could be applied for recombinant DNA construction. In an attempt to use a S. cerevisiae chromosome for recombinant DNA construction,(More)
Slingshot-1L (SSH1L), a cofilin-phosphatase, plays a role in actin dynamics and cell migration by reactivating cofilin-1. However, the expression of SSH1L in malignant diseases is poorly understood. The overexpression of SSH1L in cancerous tissue compared to the matched surrounding non-cancerous tissues from patients with late stages (III-IV) of PC was(More)