Takao Kishimoto

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Some prominent cultured plant cell lines, such as the BY-2 cell line of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum cv. ‘Bright Yellow 2’) and the T87 cell line of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana L. Heynh., ecotype Columbia) are used as model plant cells. These suspension cell culture systems are highly applicable for investigating various aspects of plant cell biology.(More)
Lignin in plant cell walls is a complex, irregular polymer built from phenylpropanoid C6-C3 units that are connected via various C-C and C-O linkages. A recent study using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) with Ga primary ion bombardment showed that lignin polymers can be characterized by specific positive ions possessing a(More)
An ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([Bmim]Cl), was used to dissolve Japanese fir (Abies sachallnensis MAST) wood. Milled woods prepared by planetary ball-milling for 8 h dissolved completely in [Bmim]Cl at 100 °C in 2 h. The dissolved woods were then subjected to in situ acetylation, and the fully acetylated woods were regenerated from(More)
Natural monoglycerides of cinnamic, ferulic and p-coumaric acids were synthesized in good to high overall yields from isopropylidene glycerol via the Mitsunobu reaction and further deprotection of the corresponding acetonides with Amberlyst 15. The method avoids the need of protection of the phenolic hydroxyls. During the Mitsunobu esterifications a strong(More)
Several kinds of natural woods and isolated lignins with various syringyl to guaiacyl (S/G) ratios were subjected to thioacidolysis followed by Raney nickel desulfuration to elucidate the relationships between the S/G ratio and the interunit linkage types of lignin. Furthermore, enzymatic dehydrogenation polymers (DHP) were produced by the Zutropf (gradual(More)
An artificial lignin polymer containing only the beta-O-4 substructure was synthesized. The procedure consists of two key steps: 1) polycondensation of a brominated monomer by aromatic Williamson reaction; and 2) subsequent reduction of the carbonyl polymer. 13C-NMR and HMQC spectra of the polymer were consistent with beta-O-4 substructures in milled wood(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is a cytopathic retrovirus and the primary etiological agent of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and related disorders. In cells chronically infected with HIV-1, nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation by external stimuli such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) augments replication of HIV-1.(More)
A novel method for analysis of benzylic ether type lignin–carbohydrate bonds has been developed by using model compounds. Four diastereomers of model compound 3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-(2-methoxyphenoxy)-3-(methyl β-d-glucopyranoside-6-O-yl)-1-propanol (GGMGP), were ozonized in acetic acid/water/methanol 16 : 3 : 1 for 1 h at 0°C. The product from(More)
Methylβ-d-xylopyranoside was allowed to react withβ-O-4-type quinone methide without a catalyst to elucidate the reactivities of secondary hydroxyl groups at the C2, C3, and C4 positions. Benzyl ether-type lignin-carbohydrate complex (LCC) compounds linked at the C2 and C4 positions were predominant, at a ratio of 2∶3. However, the reactivity of the(More)
Honeycomb and stripe patterned films were prepared from cellulose triacetate (CTA)/chloroform solution, as a result of the self-organization of the polymer during evaporation of the solvent. The honeycomb patterned CTA films were prepared by two methods, a direct pattern formation method and a transcription method. The latter method gave a well-organized(More)