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Executive Compensation, Firm Performance, and Corporate Governance in China: Evidence from Firms Listed in the Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges This paper provides evidence on how executive compensation relates to firm performance in listed firms in China. Using comprehensive financial and accounting data on China’s listed firms from 1998 to 2002,(More)
This paper uses matched employer-employee panel data to show that individual job satisfaction is higher when other workers in the same establishment are better-paid. This runs contrary to a large literature which has found evidence of income comparisons in subjective well-being. We argue that the difference hinges on the nature of the reference group. We(More)
AIMS Heart failure (HF) is associated with changes in energy metabolism of the heart, as well as in extra-cardiac organs such as the skeletal muscles. Cardiac cachexia is a common complication and is associated with poor prognosis. Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) reportedly improve sarcopenia and cancer cachexia. We tested the hypothesis that BCAA(More)
The present study updates results on methodology of quantitation of tumor neovascularization and those on the prognostic value of microvessel density (MVD) in breast cancer tissue previously published in the World J. Surg. 21: 49–56, 1997. The follow‐up period of observation of the series was extended to 20 years, and new biological indicators (i.e.,(More)
BACKGROUND Congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with a change in cardiac energy metabolism. However, the mechanism by which this change is induced and causes the progression of CHF is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS We analyzed the cardiac energy metabolism of Dahl salt-sensitive rats fed a high-salt diet, which showed a distinct transition from(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the prognostic importance of p53, mitosis, apoptosis and necrosis with long-term follow-up in Japanese patients with breast cancer. Four hundred and twenty-two patients with breast cancer were studied. We investigated 7 factors, including p53, mitotic index (MI), apoptotic index (AI), necrosis, lymph-node status (n),(More)
Using comprehensive financial and accounting data on China’s listed firms from 1998 to 2002, augmented by unique data on CEO turnover, ownership structure and board characteristics, we estimate Logit models of CEO turnover and find that: (i) even if the firm is listed in the stock exchanges, there is no significant and negative link between CEO turnover and(More)
Angina bullosa hemorrhagica (ABH) is an oral mucosal blood blister that develops without blood dyscrasia or vesiculobullous disorder. Although a minor mucosal trauma has been suggested as a triggering factor for ABH, its etiopathogenesis, especially the causative role of systemic conditions, is largely unknown. We investigated the presence or absence of(More)
Metastasis-associated protein, S100A4 is suggested as a marker for fibrosis in several organs. It also modulates DNA binding of p53 and affects its function. However, the functional role of S100A4 in the myocardium has remained unclear. Therefore, we investigated the role of S100A4 and its relationship with p53 in cardiac fibrosis. In Dahl-rat hypertensive(More)
OBJECTIVES We conducted a collaborative cohort study to evaluate the predictive power of microvolt T-wave alternans (TWA) in patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND There is little information available about the prognostic value of risk stratification markers in this population.(More)