Takao Hoshino

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The histopathological, clinical, and radiological findings in 25 patients (median age 20.5 years; range 1.7–64.2 years) with gangliogliomas were assessed to correlate degree of astrocytic anaplasia and proliferative potential with recurrence or survival. Most patients (64%) presented with seizures (median Karnofsky Performance Score 90%; range 70–100%).(More)
Despite their histological similarity, low-grade astrocytomas vary widely in their clinical behavior. To elucidate this variable behavior, we measured the proliferative potential of 69 primary and 18 recurrent low-grade astrocytomas and correlated the results with the clinical characteristics and outcome. Each patient received an intravenous infusion of(More)
Sixteen patients with glioblastoma multiforme received a 1-h intravenous infusion of 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), 150–200 mg/m2 at the start of surgery, to label S-phase cells in tumor tissue. Labeled cells of vascular components and of tumor parenchyma were detected in excised tumor specimens by indirect immunoperoxidase staining using anti-BrdU monoclonal(More)
The growth potential of 65 pituitary adenomas was determined by histochemical analysis with Ki-67 and anti-DNA polymerase α monoclonal antibodies, bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUdR) labeling, and counts of argyrophilic nucleolar organizer regions (Ag-NORs). The mean proliferating cell indices (PCIs) determined by Ki-67 and anti-DNA polymerase α and the BrdUdR(More)
Ninety-six patients with intracranial meningiomas and two with hemangiopericytic variants received a 30-min intravenous infusion of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd), 200 mg/m2, before tumor removal. Excised tumor specimens were stained by the indirect immunoperoxidase method to determine the BrdUrd labeling index (LI), or percentage of cells in DNA synthesis. The(More)
Proliferation markers have proven useful in several studies as an adjunct to classical histology to guide intensity of therapy in infiltrating glial neoplasms [1, 2, 4, 6]. At UCSF we have a large experience with BUDR with over 2200 cases studied (Table 1). However, this remains an experimental agent available only from the NCI for protocol studies.(More)
To clarify the biological and clinical behavior and prognosis of mixed gliomas, 47 patients underwent intraoperative bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling studies. The mean age was 27.8 years at symptom onset and 31.8 years at labeling (median, 36 years). Forty-five tumors were supratentorial, 30 were frontal, and two were cerebellar; 16 were recurrent at(More)
The usefulness of histopathological grading in predicting the prognosis of patients with ependymomas is controversial. To clarify the discrepancy between the histological malignancy and the prognosis of these tumors, we estimated the proliferative potential of 32 intracranial and intraspinal ependymomas and correlated the findings with the clinical(More)
In 43 pediatric patients (29 male, 14 female) with primary astrocytic tumors of the central nervous system (CNS), the correlation was evaluated between outcome and proliferative potential, measured by the bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling index (LI). Twenty-five patients had low-grade gliomas, 13 had anaplastic gliomas, and 5 had glioblastomas multiforme(More)
Malignant gliomas, especially glioblastoma multiforme, are composed of a considerable number of cells undergoing DNA synthesis and cells that contain various amounts of DNA. We have characterized cells dissociated from biopsy specimens of such tumors by sorting vital cell populations on the basis of DNA content and have determined the sensitivity of sorted(More)