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V-1 positively controls catecholamine synthetic gene transcription to promote catecholamine production in PC12D cells. In this study, immunohistochemical analysis revealed that in Wistar rats, V-1 immunoreactivity was localized not only in sympathetic axons but also in the cytoplasm of cardiomyocytes, and that the immunoreactivity in atrial myocytes was(More)
V-1 acts as a positive and coordinate regulator of gene expression of catecholamine biosynthetic enzymes in PC12D cells. The present study was conducted to investigate the mechanism controlling expression of V-1 in the adrenal gland. Immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated that noradrenergic chromaffin cells more highly expressed V-1 than adrenergic(More)
STUDY DESIGN A retrospective study of three patients of delayed stress fracture of anterior strut graft after total spondylectomy. OBJECTIVE The aim of this paper is to report a possible risk of removal of instrumentation after total spondylectomy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Solid fusion of anterior column usually means stable spine and reports of(More)
A relationship between spinal deformity and ambulation is yet to be clarified. We hypothesized that undesirable spino-pelvic alignment affects walking ability. The purpose of present study is to clarify an influence of spino-pelvic alignments on walking ability. Consecutive patients who visited our institution between October 2011 to September 2012 were(More)
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