Takao Hayakawa

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Although it is expected that hepatocyte-like cells differentiated from human embryonic stem (ES) cells or induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells will be utilized in drug toxicity testing, the actual applicability of hepatocyte-like cells in this context has not been well examined so far. To generate mature hepatocyte-like cells that would be applicable for(More)
Hepatocyte-like cells from human embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are expected to be a useful source of cells drug discovery. Although we recently reported that hepatic commitment is promoted by transduction of SOX17 and HEX into human ESC- and iPSC-derived cells, these hepatocyte-like cells were not sufficiently mature(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma) is one of the nuclear receptors that plays a central role in adipocyte differentiation and insulin sensitivity. PPAR gamma has also recently been recognized as an endogenous regulator of intestinal inflammation. However, its levels are decreased during chronic inflammation in(More)
To develop nonviral gene vectors that are sufficient for clinical application, it is necessary to understand why and to what extent nonviral vectors are inferior to viral vectors, which in general show a more efficient transfection activity. This study describes a systematic and quantitative comparison of the cellular uptake and subsequent intracellular(More)
Claudin, a tight junction integral membrane protein and a family of proteins, forms the actual sealing element of the tight junction. There are more than 20 members of the claudin family with different tissue-specific expression and barrier functions. Thus, a family of claudin may be a target for modifying the absorption of drugs. Here, we examined whether(More)
BACKGROUND PEGylation of adenovirus vectors (Ads) is an attractive strategy in gene therapy. Although many types of PEGylated Ad (PEG-Ads), which exhibit antibody evasion activity and long plasma half-life, have been developed, their entry into cells has been prevented by steric hindrance by polyethylene glycol (PEG) chains. Likewise, sufficient gene(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) are widely applied in basic research, medicine, and the pharmaceutical industry. Recently, applications and generations of MAbs have been increasingly attracting attention in many research areas since MAbs could be produced in large quantities with the development of genetic technology and antibody engineering. On the other(More)
Adenovirus (Ad) vectors are one of the most commonly used viral vectors in gene therapy clinical trials. However, they elicit a robust innate immune response and inflammatory responses. Improvement of the therapeutic index of Ad vector gene therapy requires elucidation of the mechanism of Ad vector-induced inflammation and cytokine/chemokine production as(More)
Human apolipoprotein B100 (apoB100) has 19 potential N-glycosylation sites, and 16 asparagine residues were reported to be occupied by high-mannose type, hybrid type, and monoantennary and biantennary complex type oligosaccharides. In the present study, a site-specific glycosylation analysis of apoB100 was carried out using reversed-phase high-performance(More)
We previously developed single adenovirus (Ad) vectors that contained the components for a tetracycline-regulatable gene-expression system in the E1 and E3 deletion regions, and showed that the Ad vectors containing the tet-on system exhibit a much inferior regulation of transgene expression than those containing the tet-off system. In many cases, the(More)