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Although it is expected that hepatocyte-like cells differentiated from human embryonic stem (ES) cells or induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells will be utilized in drug toxicity testing, the actual applicability of hepatocyte-like cells in this context has not been well examined so far. To generate mature hepatocyte-like cells that would be applicable for(More)
The maintenance of telomere integrity is essential for prolonged cell proliferation, and failure in this mechanism is a most consistent manifestation of cellular senescence. In this study, we investigated the role of telomere repeat binding factor (TRF1) in the proliferation of human fibroblasts. TRF1 expression is upregulated in a large variety of immortal(More)
To develop nonviral gene vectors that are sufficient for clinical application, it is necessary to understand why and to what extent nonviral vectors are inferior to viral vectors, which in general show a more efficient transfection activity. This study describes a systematic and quantitative comparison of the cellular uptake and subsequent intracellular(More)
In this work we report a novel method to efficiently induce a murine model of Graves' hyperthyroidism. Inbred mice of different strains were immunized by i.m. injection with adenovirus expressing thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) or beta-galactosidase (1 x 10(11) particles/mouse, three times at 3-wk intervals) and followed up to 8 wk after the third immunization.(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) are widely applied in basic research, medicine, and the pharmaceutical industry. Recently, applications and generations of MAbs have been increasingly attracting attention in many research areas since MAbs could be produced in large quantities with the development of genetic technology and antibody engineering. On the other(More)
Coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR), alphav integrins, and heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycans (HSGs) are the tropism determinants of adenoviral (Ad) vectors in vivo. For the development of a targeted Ad vector, its broad tropism needs to be blocked (or reduced). We have previously developed Ad vectors with ablation of CAR, alphav integrin, and HSG(More)
Ceruloplasmin has ferroxidase activity and plays an essential role in iron metabolism. In this study, a site-specific glycosylation analysis of human ceruloplasmin (CP) was carried out using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS). A tryptic digest of carboxymethylated CP was(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma) is one of the nuclear receptors that plays a central role in adipocyte differentiation and insulin sensitivity. PPAR gamma has also recently been recognized as an endogenous regulator of intestinal inflammation. However, its levels are decreased during chronic inflammation in(More)
Hepatocyte-like cells from human embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are expected to be a useful source of cells drug discovery. Although we recently reported that hepatic commitment is promoted by transduction of SOX17 and HEX into human ESC- and iPSC-derived cells, these hepatocyte-like cells were not sufficiently mature(More)