Takao Fushimi

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Speech production studies have shown that the phonological form of a word is made up of phonemic segments in stress-timed languages (e.g., Dutch) and of syllables in syllable-timed languages (e.g., Chinese). To clarify the functional unit of mora-timed languages, the authors asked native Japanese speakers to perform an implicit priming task (A. S. Meyer,(More)
The hand preference of chimpanzees in their natural habitat was studied at Bossou, Republic of Guinea, West Africa. The quantitative difference in left/right hand use was small in food picking and carrying. In contrast, the chimpanzees employed either the right or left hand in nutcracking behavior using a pair of stones. All adults and many adolescents and(More)
When presented with stimuli that contain illegal consonant clusters, Japanese listeners tend to hear an illusory vowel that makes their perception conform to the phonotactics of their language. In a previous paper, we suggested that this effect arises from language-specific prelexical processes (Dupoux, Kakehi, Hirose, Pallier & Mehler, 1999). The present(More)
We studied the reading performance of a Japanese-speaking patient, TI, with bilateral but asymmetrical (left more than right) temporal-lobe atrophy, severe anomia, and poor word comprehension. Most Japanese kanji characters correspond to several different legitimate pronunciations in different contexts, with varying degrees of correspondence consistency. TI(More)
One theory about reading suggests that producing the correct pronunciations of written words, particularly less familiar words with an atypical spelling-sound relationship, relies in part on knowledge of the word's meaning. This hypothesis has been supported by reports of surface dyslexia in large case-series studies of English-speaking/reading patients(More)
Two kinds of scripts are used in the written forms of Japanese words: morphographic kanji and phonographic kana. Whereas each kana character invariably represents a single pronunciation, the majority of kanji characters have two or more legitimate pronunciations, with one appropriate to the character in any given word. Furthermore, each kanji character has(More)
Studies in vision have demonstrated that the visual system can induce the perception of illusory contours. In this study we document a similar phenomenon in the auditory mode: Japanese speakers report perceiving vowels that are absent in the acoustic signal. Such an illusion is due to the fact that in Japanese, succession of consonants are not allowed.(More)
Two Japanese patients with pure alexia, SH and YH, who showed right homonymous hemianopia following a left occipital lobe lesion, demonstrated letter-by-letter (LBL) reading in pronouncing Japanese kana words and nonwords. In contrast to alphabetic letters, each Japanese kana character has an invariant and identical pronunciation whether it appears in(More)
A female chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) was trained on the conditional-discrimination task using 3-dimensional objects under a face-to-face experimental setting. In Experiment 1, the subject was required to pick up the correct comparison object, take it to the sample object, and construct a new paired-object with a specific action. After acquisition of the(More)