Takao Fujisawa

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BACKGROUND Few studies have investigated the complementary effects of long-term oral administration of Lactobacillus acidophilus on traditional medical therapy in the treatment of patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). METHODS The Atopic Dermatitis Area and Severity Index was used to evaluate AD severity. Symptom severity was assessed using the symptom(More)
BACKGROUND T(H)2 cells and eosinophils selectively express CC chemokine receptor 4 and CCR3, respectively, and their chemokine ligands are likely to play important roles in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD). OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the presence of thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC) in platelets and its(More)
Zinc is an essential trace element, and impaired zinc homeostasis is implicated in the pathogenesis of various human diseases. However, the mechanisms cells use to respond to zinc deficiency are poorly understood. We previously reported that amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)-linked pathogenic mutants of SOD1 cause chronic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress(More)
OBJECTIVE Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by the selective loss of upper and lower motoneurons. Although >100 different Cu, Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) mutations have been identified in ALS patients, it remains controversial whether all of them are disease-causative mutations. Therefore, it(More)
Cells are continuously exposed to reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by aerobic metabolism. Excessively generated ROS causes severe dysfunctions to cells as oxidative stress. On the other hand, there is increasing evidence that ROS plays important roles as a signaling intermediate that induces a wide variety of cellular responses such as proliferation,(More)
Pneumococcal infection in children is a major public health problem worldwide, including in Japan. The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine 7 (PCV7) was licensed for use in Japan in 2010 followed by PCV13 in 2013. This report includes the results of a nationwide surveillance of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) and non-IPD in paediatric patients from January(More)
IL-3, IL-5, and GM-CSF exert various overlapping functions in basophils. We investigated the receptor expression profiles and concentration-dependent effects of IL-3, IL-5, and GM-CSF on several basophil functions in comparison with their effects on eosinophils. The order of the receptor expression levels was IL-3Ralpha>IL-5Ralpha>GM-CSFRalpha in basophils(More)
Bronchial asthma is an inflammatory disorder characterized by recruitment and activation of various inflammatory cells including eosinophils and T cells in the airway mucosa. Oxygen radicals are produced by inflammatory cells in the airways and/or inhaled directly from environmental air. There is ample evidence that oxygen radical production is increased in(More)
Eosinophilic inflammation and remodeling of the airways including subepithelial fibrosis and myofibroblast hyperplasia are characteristic pathological findings of bronchial asthma. Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a critical role in airway remodelling. In this study, we hypothesized that infiltrating eosinophils promote airway remodelling in(More)
Kimura disease is a rare disorder of unknown etiology, characterized by the presence of benign subcutaneous granuloma, marked peripheral blood eosinophilia and elevation of the immunglobulin E (IgE) serum level. Here, we present a case of a 12-year-old boy with Kimura disease who had a history of repeated severe influenza virus A infection. Along with the(More)