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OBJECTIVES Various autoantibodies are detected in the sera of PM/DM patients. Some of them are specific to PM/DM patients and closely associated with clinical manifestations of the diseases. Recently, the anti-CADM-140 antibody was reported to be found specifically in clinically amyopathic DM (C-ADM) patients and to be associated with acute interstitial(More)
Follistatin-related protein (FRP)/follistatin-like 1 (FSTL1) has multi-specific binding nature especially with TGF-β superfamily proteins, and thereby modulates organ development. However, its function in immune systems remains unclear. Previously, we reported FRP interacts with CD14, which is known to mediate toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling. Here, we(More)
In our earlier study, we had reported the case of a patient with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who had anti-Jo-1 antibodies. This patient had received etanercept (ETN) therapy for RA, after which she had developed overt polymyositis (PM). Although various autoimmune phenomena, including lupus-like diseases, vasculitides, or psoriatic skin lesions, are(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the significance of anti-U1 RNP antibodies in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) who have central neuropsychiatric SLE (NPSLE). METHODS The frequency of antinuclear antibodies including anti-U1 RNP antibodies in the sera and CSF of 24 patients(More)
A 75-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) presented with long-term painful erythema on the right upper arm and left elbow. The patient was diagnosed with intralymphatic histiocytosis (ILH) based on the biopsy findings. Because the patient was unresponsive to single-agent treatment with methotrexate, infliximab and etanercept, we switched to(More)
OBJECTIVE Although interleukin-17 (IL-17)-producing gamma/delta T cells were reported to play pathogenic roles in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), their characteristics remain unknown. The aim of this study was to clarify whether gamma/delta T cells or CD4+ T cells are the predominant IL-17-producing cells, and to determine what stimulates gamma/delta T(More)
We have experienced two cases of drug-induced lupus erythematosus caused by ticlopidine in the last three years. Both were late-onset cases (1 and 4 years) that occurred in elderly men (76 and 81 years old). The common features were fever, arthralgia, myalgia, serositis, and the presence of anti-histone autoantibodies. Because ticlopidine is widely used in(More)
AIM Neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) is a serious treatment-resistant phenotype of systemic lupus erythematosus. A standard treatment for NPSLE is not available. This report describes the clinical and laboratory tests of 10 patients with NPSLE before and after rituximab treatment, including changes in lymphocyte phenotypes. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inhibitors to nonbiological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD) for the risk of serious infection in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS Serious infections occurring within the first year of the observation period were examined using the records for patients recruited to(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate associations between continuous treatments with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists and risk for developing serious infections (SIs) over 3 years in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) enrolled in the Registry of Japanese RA Patients for Long-Term Safety (REAL) database. METHODS We analyzed 727 RA patients who had(More)