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A 63-year-old woman presented with a metastatic focus of papillary thyroid carcinoma in the cerebellopontine angle manifesting as lateral gazing nystagmus and slurred speech. Computed tomography demonstrated massive hemorrhage in the left cerebellar hemisphere. She was treated conservatively. Her symptoms resolved completely, but she experienced progressive(More)
To gain insights into the different forms of modified amyloid beta peptides (A beta) in the Alzheimer disease (AD) and Down syndrome (DS) brain, we used two-site ELISAs with antibodies specific for isomerized (i.e. A beta with L-isoaspartate at positions 1 and 7) and pyroglutamate-modified (i.e. A beta beginning with pyroglutamate at position 3) forms of A(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease caused by a small polyglutamine (polyQ) expansion (control: 4-20Q; SCA6: 20-33Q) in the carboxyl(C)-terminal cytoplasmic domain of the alpha(1A) voltage-dependent calcium channel (Ca(v)2.1). Although a 75-85-kDa Ca(v)2.1 C-terminal fragment (CTF) is toxic in cultured(More)
BACKGROUND Intracytoplasmic inclusions composed of filamentous tau proteins are defining characteristics of neurodegenerative tauopathies, but it remains unclear why different tau isoforms accumulate in different diseases and how they induce abnormal filamentous structures and pathologies. Two tau isoform-specific antibodies, RD3 and RD4, are widely used(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Flow-sensitive alternating inversion recovery (FAIR) MR imaging is a technique for depicting cerebral perfusion without contrast enhancement. Our purpose was to determine whether quantification at FAIR imaging can be used to assess regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in a manner similar to [iodine 123]-iodoamphetamin ((123)I-IMP)(More)
Visual allesthesia, in which visual images are transposed from one homonymous half-field of visual field to another, is a rare phenomenon. Palinopsia is the persistence or recurrence of visual images after the exciting stimulus object has been removed. Some authors have reported these phenomena, but these pathophysiology has not been understood. We report a(More)
The purpose of this study was to correlate regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) measured by I-123-IMP and flow-sensitive alternating inversion recovery (FAIR) studies with different inversion time (TI) values to find out the optimum TI that gives comparable rCBF and images on FAIR study. Nine patients with symptoms and signs of internal carotid or major(More)
Fez-like (Fezl), the forebrain embryonic zinc finger-like protein, is a transcriptional repressor selectively expressed in the deep layers of the developing cortex. We examined the thalamocortical and corticofugal pathways in Fezl-deficient fetal mice by using immunohistochemistry and by axonal labeling with the lipophilic dyes DiI and DiA, with special(More)
Differentiation of PC12 cells has been quantified by measurement of neurite length. However, this procedure is not suitable for large numbers of samples, for example in 96-well tissue culture plates. For this reason, we established three simple and quantitative methods for nerve growth factor-induced differentiation of PC12 cells cultured in 96-well plates.(More)
Many approaches to local tumor treatment have been reported and their efficacy demonstrated in patients with malignant glioma. We studied thermoreversible gelation polymer (TGP) as a novel drug delivery system (DDS) for treating this type of tumor. TGP exhibits sol-gel transition i.e., is water-soluble in the sol phase below the chosen sol-gel transiting(More)