Learn More
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease caused by a small polyglutamine (polyQ) expansion (control: 4–20Q; SCA6: 20–33Q) in the carboxyl(C)-terminal cytoplasmic domain of the α1A voltage-dependent calcium channel (Cav2.1). Although a 75–85-kDa Cav2.1 C-terminal fragment (CTF) is toxic in cultured cells, its(More)
We raised monoclonal antibodies against senile plaque (SP) amyloid and obtained a clone 9D2, which labeled amyloid fibrils in SPs and reacted with approximately 50/100 kDa polypeptides in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. We purified the 9D2 antigens and cloned a cDNA encoding its precursor, which was a novel type II transmembrane protein specifically(More)
p94/calpain 3 is a skeletal muscle-specific Ca(2+)-regulated cysteine protease (calpain), and genetic loss of p94 protease activity causes muscular dystrophy (calpainopathy). In addition, a small in-frame deletion in the N2A region of connectin/titin that impairs p94-connectin interaction causes a severe muscular dystrophy (mdm) in mice. Since p94 via its(More)
A major end product of lipid peroxidation, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE), is an electrophilic alkenal and produces Michael adducts with cellular proteins. It is known that exposure of cultured cells to HNE causes rapid disappearance of microtubule networks. In this study we addressed the mechanism. Immunochemical studies revealed that HNE preferentially(More)
Interactions between pathogens and host induce human disorders including periodontitis, disintegration of the tooth supporting tissues. Tannerella forsythia has been linked to the periodontitis and several cytopathic reagents have been found in the bacterium; however, its contribution to the disease remains unclear. Biochemical approach to explore the(More)
The qualitative nature of an immune response raised against infectious pathogens depends upon the phenotypes of T(h) cell subsets, which secrete distinct types of cytokines. Genetic background is known to greatly influence the nature of the T(h) cell response. However, the precise nature of this influence still remains unclear. In the present study, we(More)
As a generator of peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)), 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1) is widely used in the study of oxidative/nitrosative stress in cultured cells, although controversy exists regarding active species responsible for cytotoxicity. In this study, we report that unstable thiol-sensitive substances, generated from the reaction of SIN-1 with components in(More)
BACKGROUND Intracytoplasmic inclusions composed of filamentous tau proteins are defining characteristics of neurodegenerative tauopathies, but it remains unclear why different tau isoforms accumulate in different diseases and how they induce abnormal filamentous structures and pathologies. Two tau isoform-specific antibodies, RD3 and RD4, are widely used(More)
Previously, the activity of DNA polymerase alpha was found in the meiotic prophase I including non-S phase stages, in the basidiomycetes, Coprinus cinereus. To study DNA polymerase alpha during meiosis, we cloned cDNAs for the C. cinereus DNA polymerase alpha catalytic subunit (p140) and C. cinereus primase small subunit (p48). Northern analysis indicated(More)