Takao Arai

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Fez-like (Fezl), the forebrain embryonic zinc finger-like protein, is a transcriptional repressor selectively expressed in the deep layers of the developing cortex. We examined the thalamocortical and corticofugal pathways in Fezl-deficient fetal mice by using immunohistochemistry and by axonal labeling with the lipophilic dyes DiI and DiA, with special(More)
BACKGROUND Intracytoplasmic inclusions composed of filamentous tau proteins are defining characteristics of neurodegenerative tauopathies, but it remains unclear why different tau isoforms accumulate in different diseases and how they induce abnormal filamentous structures and pathologies. Two tau isoform-specific antibodies, RD3 and RD4, are widely used(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease caused by a small polyglutamine (polyQ) expansion (control: 4-20Q; SCA6: 20-33Q) in the carboxyl(C)-terminal cytoplasmic domain of the alpha(1A) voltage-dependent calcium channel (Ca(v)2.1). Although a 75-85-kDa Ca(v)2.1 C-terminal fragment (CTF) is toxic in cultured(More)
Visual allesthesia, in which visual images are transposed from one homonymous half-field of visual field to another, is a rare phenomenon. Palinopsia is the persistence or recurrence of visual images after the exciting stimulus object has been removed. Some authors have reported these phenomena, but these pathophysiology has not been understood. We report a(More)
3-Morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1) is used as a donor of peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) in various studies. We demonstrated, however, that, the cell-culture medium remains cytotoxic to PC12 cells even after almost complete SIN-1 decomposition, suggesting that reaction product(s) in the medium, rather than ONOO(-), exert cytotoxic effects. Here, we clarified that(More)
The mechanism of protein S-nitrosation in cells is not fully understood. Using rat 3Y1 cells, we addressed this issue. Among S-nitrosothiols and NO donors tested, only S-nitrosocysteine (CysNO) induced S-nitrosation when exposed in Hanks' balanced salt solution (HBSS) and not in serum-containing general culture medium. In HBSS, NO release from CysNO was(More)
The purpose of this study was to correlate regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) measured by I-123-IMP and flow-sensitive alternating inversion recovery (FAIR) studies with different inversion time (TI) values to find out the optimum TI that gives comparable rCBF and images on FAIR study. Nine patients with symptoms and signs of internal carotid or major(More)
Charles Bonnet syndrome is a condition characterized by visual hallucinations. These simple or complex visual hallucinations are more common in elderly individuals with impaired peripheral vision. The current report describes a case of transient Charles Bonnet syndrome appearing after the removal of a meningioma. The patient was a 61-year-old man who(More)
We developed an efficient, stereoselective synthetic method for the diketopiperazine moiety of neoechinulin A and its derivatives. The intramolecular cyclization at 80 ºC proceeded with minimal racemization of the stereogenic center at C-12 on neoechinulin A, even though the cyclization at 110 ºC caused partial racemization. In contrast with these results,(More)
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