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We have developed a prototype 256-slice CT-scanner for four-dimensional (4D) imaging that employs continuous rotations of a cone-beam. Since a cone-beam scan along a circular orbit does not collect a complete set of data to make an exact reconstruction of a volume [three-dimensional (3D) image], it might cause disadvantages or artifacts. To examine effects(More)
We evaluated Feldkamp artifacts, which are specific to cone-beam computed tomography (CT), in phantom and clinical studies using the 256-multidetector-row CT (256MDCT), and compared the reconstruction accuracy of axial and helical scans. Image noise, slice sensitivity profile (SSP) and artifacts with the 256MDCT were evaluated using a phantom, and the(More)
Cone beam CT has a capability for the 3-dimensional imaging of large volumes with isotropic resolution, and has a potentiality for 4-dimensional imaging (dynamic volume imaging), because cone beam CT acquires data of a large volume with one rotation of an x-ray tube-detector pair. However, one of the potential drawbacks of cone beam CT is a larger amount of(More)
In order to examine phantom length necessary to assess radiation dose delivered to patients in cone-beam CT with an enlarged beamwidth, we measured dose profiles in cylindrical phantoms of sufficient length using a prototype 256-slice CT-scanner developed at our institute. Dose profiles parallel to the rotation axis were measured at the central and(More)
Four-dimensional computed tomography (4D CT) is a dynamic volume imaging system of moving organs with an image quality comparable to that of conventional CT. 4D CT will be realized by several technical breakthroughs for dynamic cone-beam CT: (1) a large-area two-dimensional (2D) detector; (2) high-speed data transfer system; (3) reconstruction algorithms;(More)
Monochromatic x-ray computed tomography (CT) at two different energies provides information about electron density of human tissue without ambiguity due to the beam hardening effect. This information makes the treatment planning for proton and heavy-ion radiotherapy more precise. We have started a feasibility study on dual energy x-ray CT by using(More)
We developed a prototype 256-slice CT scanner that employs continuous rotation of a cone-beam with a larger cone angle than conventional multidetector CTs (MDCT) to ensure a wide field of view. However, a larger cone angle may result in image deterioration due to increased x-ray scatter. Scattered radiation causes the detected signals to deviate from the(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to establish an animal experimental model of pulmonary stereotactic irradiation and clarify the morphological patterns of pulmonary radiation injury with computed tomography and the histopathological features. MATERIALS AND METHODS Tiny spherical regions in the lungs of seven anesthetized rabbits were irradiated(More)
PURPOSE Current ECG-gated multislice CT can reveal any cardiac phase data, including four-dimensional (4D) images, but cannot acquire the whole heart in one scanning, and arrhythmias impair the quality of the images. We used a prototype 256-slice cone beam CT (Athena, Sony Toshiba), with which the whole heart can be acquired in one scanning. MATERIALS AND(More)