Takanori Sakaguchi

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Sequence analysis and comparison of the fusion glycoprotein genes of 11 Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolates indicated a high degree of functional and structural constraint exerted on the change of the glycoprotein. However, synonymous nucleotide substitutions occurred frequently throughout the coding region. Facilitated by an analysis of synonymous(More)
We compared the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase gene sequence among 13 strains of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolated over the last 50 years. Although overall homology was remarkably high, the sequence variability demonstrated the existence of at least three distinct lineages, which must have co-circulated for considerable periods. The sequence variability(More)
1. A method for adapting a standard stereotaxic frame for use with neonatal rats as young as postnatal day 1 (PD 1) was devised, and single-unit extracellular recordings were obtained from neurons in the locus ceruleus (LC) in urethan-anesthetized rats during different stages in development from PD 1 to PD 34. 2. The spontaneous firing pattern of neonatal(More)
The establishment of tight junctions (TJ) between columnar epithelial cells defines the functional barrier, which enteroinvasive pathogens have to overcome. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. typhimurium) directly invades intestinal epithelial cells but it is not well understood how the pathogen is able to overcome the intestinal barrier and gains(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the mRNA encoding the fusion (F0) protein of a virulent strain of Newcastle disease virus was determined. A single open reading frame in the sequence encodes a protein of 553 amino acids with a calculated molecular weight of 59058. The amino acid sequence predicted several structural features involving the fusion-inducing(More)
The diameter and conduction velocity of myelinated fibers in the sciatic nerve isolated from neurofilament-deficient quail ('quiver') were compared with those from wild quail. The diameter was significantly reduced in quiver, however, the frequency distribution formed three peaks as did that observed in the wild. The fibers were categorized in three groups(More)
Nucleotide sequence analysis of F protein antigenic variants of Newcastle disease virus mapped three distinct antigenic determinants to positions 343, 72, and 161 on the protein. The high fusion-inhibiting and neutralizing capacities of all of the monoclonal antibodies used for selection suggested close functional and structural relationships of the three(More)
Shigella spp. are a group of Gram-negative enteric bacilli that cause acute dysentery in humans. We demonstrate that Shigella flexneri has evolved the ability to regulate functional components of tight junctions after interaction at the apical and basolateral pole of model intestinal epithelia. In the regulation of tight junctional protein assemblies, S.(More)
We have found novel piperazinyloxoquinoline derivatives to be potent and selective inhibitors of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replication in both acutely and chronically infected cells. 8-Difluoromethoxy-1-ethyl-6-fluoro-1,4-didehydro-7-[4-(2-met hoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]-4-oxoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid (K-12), the most potent congener of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS In this study, we determined the signal transduction and functional consequences after ligand-specific activation of the fractalkine receptor CX3CR1 in human intestinal epithelial cells. METHODS CX3CR1 expression in human colonic tissues and intestinal epithelial cell lines was determined by immunohistochemistry, immunoblotting, and(More)