Takanori Oku

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Musical performance requires extremely fast and dexterous limb movements. The underlying biological mechanisms have been an object of interest among scientists and non-scientists for centuries. Numerous studies of musicians and non-musicians have demonstrated that neuroplastic adaptations through early and deliberate musical training endowed superior motor(More)
Investigation of neural representation of movement planning has attracted the attention of neuroscientists, as it may reveal the sensorimotor transformation essential to motor control. The analysis of muscle synergies based on the activity of agonist-antagonist (AA) muscle pairs may provide insight into such transformations, especially for a reference frame(More)
This paper proposes a novel method for assessment of muscle imbalance based on muscle synergy hypothesis and equilibrium point (EP) hypothesis of motor control. We explain in detail the method for extracting muscle synergies under the concept of agonist-antagonist (AA) muscle pairs and for estimating EP trajectories and endpoint stiffness of human upper(More)
Auditory brainstem responses and simultaneous transtympanic electrocochleographies were investigated in 92 subjects aged between 50 and 89 years with normal hearing or mild presbycusis. Subjects were classified into four age-related groups: 16 subjects in the sixth decade, 28 in the seventh decade, 32 in the eighth decade and 16 in the ninth decade. Thirty(More)
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