Takanori Esaki

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Neuronal cultures in vitro readily oxidized both D-[(14)C]glucose and l-[(14)C]lactate to (14)CO(2), whereas astroglial cultures oxidized both substrates sparingly and metabolized glucose predominantly to lactate and released it into the medium. [(14)C]Glucose oxidation to (14)CO(2) varied inversely with unlabeled lactate concentration in the medium,(More)
UNLABELLED Rodent models and genetically altered mice have recently become available to study many human diseases. A sensitive and accurate PET scanner for small animals would be useful to evaluate treatment of these diseases in rodent models. To examine the feasibility of performing quantitative PET studies, we performed dynamic scans with arterial blood(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of absolute quantification of regional cerebral glucose utilization (rCMR(glc)) in mice by use of (18)F-FDG and a small animal PET scanner. rCMR(glc) determined with (18)F-FDG PET was compared with values determined simultaneously by the autoradiographic 2-(14)C-DG method. In addition, we(More)
There is growing evidence that serotonin (5-hydroxtryptamine, 5-HT) has major influences on brain development in mammals. Genetic and pharmacological disruption of 5-HT signaling during early postnatal development in rodents causes neuroanatomical cortical abnormalities, including malformations in the somatosensory cortex. Possible functional consequences(More)
Local cerebral blood flow (CBF) was determined in 30 cerebral structures, including four structures of the whisker-to-barrel cortex sensory pathway, by the quantitative autoradiographic [(14)C]iodoantipyrine method during unilateral vibrissal stimulation in rats administered 0.1 or 1.0 mg/kg haloperidol or its control vehicle intravenously. The low dose of(More)
Brain glucose utilization is markedly depressed in adult rats made cretinous after birth. To ascertain which subtype of thyroid hormone (TH) receptors, TRalpha1 or TRbeta, is involved in the regulation of glucose utilization during brain development, we used the 2-[(14)C]deoxyglucose method in mice with a mutation in either their TRalpha or TRbeta gene. A C(More)
Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal disorder characterized by deficient alpha-galactosidase A activity and intracellular accumulations of glycosphingolipids, mainly globotriaosylceramide (Gb3). Clinically, patients occasionally present CNS dysfunction. To examine the pathophysiology underlying brain dysfunction, we examined glucose utilization (CMR(glc))(More)
PURPOSE Stroking the whiskers of a rat is known to increase cerebral blood flow and glucose utilization in the somatosensory cortex. We sought to determine whether this activation could be detected with small animal PET and 2-[F]fluoro-2-deoxyglucose ([F]FDG). METHODS Awake rats were coinjected with [F]FDG and [C]deoxyglucose ([C]DG), and during the(More)
Neonatal hypothyroidism impairs structural maturation in the brain and results in diminished electrical activities and energy metabolism. We recently found that glucose utilization (CMR(glc)) is markedly depressed throughout the brain in mice with targeted mutations in thyroid hormone receptor alpha1 (TR alpha 1), but not TR beta. Previous studies had shown(More)
[(18)F][3-(3-(3-Fluoropropyl)thio)-1,2,5-thiadiazol-4-yl]-1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-1-methylpyridine ([(18)F]FP-TZTP) is an M2 selective muscarinic agonist that may allow noninvasive studies of Alzheimer's disease with PET. 3-(3-(Propylthio)-1,2,5-thiadiazol-4-yl)-1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-1-methylpyridine (P-TZTP), a nonfluorinated analog of FP-TZTP, and unlabeled(More)