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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent angiogenic mitogen, plays a crucial role in angiogenesis under various pathophysiological conditions. We have recently demonstrated that VEGF(165), one of the VEGF isoforms, binds connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and that its angiogenic activity is inhibited in the VEGF(165).CTGF complex form (Inoki,(More)
Interspecies allometric scaling is a useful tool for calculating human pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters from data in animals. In this study, in order to determine the scaling exponent in a simple allometric equation that can predict human clearance (CL) and distribution volume at steady state (Vss) of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) from monkey data alone, PK(More)
For a graph G=(V,E) and a color set C, let f:E→C be an edge-coloring of G in which two adjacent edges may have the same color. Then, the graph G edge-colored by f is rainbow connected if every two vertices of G have a path in which all edges are assigned distinct colors. Chakraborty et al. defined the problem of determining whether the graph colored by a(More)
The membrane-anchored matrix metalloproteinase MT1-MMP (also known as Mmp14) plays a key role in the angiogenic process, but the mechanisms underlying its spatiotemporal regulation in the in vivo setting have not been defined. Using whole-mount immunohistochemical analysis and the lacZ gene inserted into the Mmp14 gene, we demonstrate that MT1-MMP vascular(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a family of extracellular matrix-degrading enzymes, are considered to play important roles in cancer invasion and metastasis. The present study examined the production levels of eight different MMPs (MMP-1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9 and 13, and MT1-MMP) and two tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP-1 and 2) in homogenates of(More)
We investigated the hepatotoxicity induced by AQ using a glutathione (GSH)-depleted mice model. Although sole administration of either AQ or l-buthionine-S,R-sulfoxinine (BSO), a well-known GSH synthesis inhibitor, produced no significant hepatotoxicity, combined administration of AQ with BSO induced hepatotoxicity characterized by centrilobular necrosis of(More)
Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP), common inhibitors of matrix proteinases, have cell-promoting activity. We studied the effects of recombinant human tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (rh-TIMP-2) on the migration of normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK). An in vitro migration assay revealed that rh-TIMP-2 enhanced random migration(More)
In rat livers and hepatomas, carbamoyl phosphate synthetase (glutamine-hydrolyzing) (EC 6.3.5.5) (synthetase II), the rate-limiting enzyme of de novo pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthesis, was separated from carbamoyl phosphate synthetase (ammonia) (EC 6.3.4.16) (synthetase I) ammonium sulfate and hydroxylapatite fractionations and gel filtration on Sephadex(More)
On the basis of our observation of the increased specific activities of glutamine-utilizing enzymes in purine and pyrimidine metabolism in hepatoma 3924A, and because the concentration of glutamine is ten times lower in the hepatomas than in the liver, the biochemical pharmacology of the anti-glutamine agent, acivicin, was examined. (1) Acivicin(More)
Immunoliposomes are potent carriers for targeting of therapeutic drugs to specific cells. Membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP), which plays an important role in angiogenesis, is expressed on angiogenic endothelium cells as well as tumor cells. Then, the MT1-MMP might be useful as a target molecule for tumor and neovascularity. In the present(More)