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Currently, nanomaterials (NMs) with particle sizes below 100 nm have been successfully employed in various industrial applications in medicine, cosmetics and foods. On the other hand, NMs can also be problematic in terms of eliciting a toxicological effect by their small size. However, biological and/or cellular responses to NMs are often inconsistent and(More)
BACKGROUND Clarifying the physicochemical properties of nanomaterials is crucial for hazard assessment and the safe application of these substances. With this in mind, we analyzed the relationship between particle size and the in vitro effect of amorphous nanosilica (nSP). Specifically, we evaluated the relationship between particle size of nSP and the in(More)
Amorphous silica nanoparticles (nSPs), are widely used in medicines, cosmetics and food. However, due to their reduced particle size they are suspected to pose new risks induced by changes in biological reactivity and kinetics, which differ from those of bulk materials. In a previous study, we showed that silica particles with a diameter of 70 nm penetrated(More)
Due to the rising use of nanomaterials (NMs), there is concern that NMs induce undesirable biological effects because of their unique physicochemical properties. Recently, we reported that amorphous silica nanoparticles (nSPs), which are one of the most widely used NMs, can penetrate the skin barrier and induce various biological effects, including an(More)
Surface properties are often hypothesized to be important factors in the development of safer forms of nanomaterials (NMs). However, the results obtained from studying the cellular responses to NMs are often contradictory. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the surface properties of silica nanoparticles and their(More)
Hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase catalyzing bile acid sulfation plays an essential role in protection against lithocholic acid (LCA)-induced liver toxicity. Hepatic levels of Sult2a is up to 8-fold higher in farnesoid X receptor-null mice than in the wild-type mice. Thus, the influence of FXR ligand (chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) and LCA) feeding on hepatic(More)
We previously reported that well-dispersed amorphous nanosilicas with particle size 70 nm (nSP70) penetrate skin and produce systemic exposure after topical application. These findings underscore the need to examine biological effects after systemic exposure to nanosilicas. The present study was designed to examine the biological effects. BALB/c mice were(More)
In this study, field observations are carried out in order to make clear the runoff characteristics of pollutants from citrus fruit grove, especially nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus and other inorganic materials. Long-term observation in the test fields continued for more than 7 months and detailed observations during one rainfall are also carried(More)
Amorphous silica nanoparticles (nSP) have been used as a polishing agent and/or as a remineralization promoter for teeth in the oral care field. The present study investigates the effects of nSP on osteoclast differentiation and the relationship between particle size and these effects. Our results revealed that nSP exerted higher cytotoxicity in macrophage(More)
The skin penetration and cellular localization of well-dispersed amorphous nanosilica particles (nSPs) with a diameter of 70 nm was analyzed in mice. Our results suggest that after topical exposure for three days the particles penetrate the skin barrier and are transported to the lymph nodes. These findings underscore the need to examine biological effects(More)