Takanobu Kobayashi

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Nucleosomal DNA fragmentation is detected in myoblasts only when apoptosis is induced under differentiating conditions. However, the molecular mechanisms and the DNase responsible for the differentiation-dependent apoptotic DNA laddering are poorly understood. Here we show that a Ca(2+)/Mg(2+)-dependent endonuclease, DNase gamma, is induced in C2C12(More)
Cadmium is a transition metal that is classified as human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) with multiple target sites. Many studies using various model systems provide evidence of cadmium-induced malignancy formation in vivo or malignant cell transformation in vitro. Nonetheless, further studies are needed to completely(More)
The internucleosomal cleavage of genomic DNA is the biochemical hallmark of apoptosis. DNase gamma, a Ca(2+)/Mg(2+)-dependent endonuclease, has been suggested to be one of the apoptotic endonucleases. We identified here 4-(4,6-dichloro-[1,3,5]-triazin-2-ylamino)-2-(6-hydroxy-3-oxo-3H-xanthen-9-yl)-benzoic acid (DR396) as a novel and potent DNase gamma(More)
BACKGROUND The rational design of peptide-based specific inhibitors of the caspase family members using their X-ray crystallographies is an important strategy for chemical knockdown to define the critical role of each enzyme in apoptosis and inflammation. Recently, we designed a novel potent peptide inhibitor, Ac-DNLD-CHO, for caspase-3 using a new(More)
DNA is constantly exposed to endogenous and exogenous oxidative stresses. Damaged DNA can cause mutations, which may increase the risk of developing cancer and other diseases. G:C-C:G transversions are caused by various oxidative stresses. 2,2,4-Triamino-5(2H)-oxazolone (Oz), guanidinohydantoin (Gh)/iminoallantoin (Ia) and spiro-imino-dihydantoin (Sp) are(More)
Photoirradiation in the presence of riboflavin led to guanine oxidation and the formation of imidazolone. Meanwhile, riboflavin itself was degraded by ultraviolet light A (UV-A) and visible light (VIS) radiation, and the end product was lumichrome. VIS radiation in the presence of riboflavin oxidized guanine similarly to UV-A radiation. Although UV-A(More)
Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) has been considered as a good target for the treatment of many diseases. Although a lot of NF-kappaB inhibitors have already been reported, many of them have several common problems. Thus, we attempted to identify novel NF-kappaB inhibitors to be unique lead compounds for creating new pharmaceuticals. In the present study,(More)
κ-Casein (CSN3) is known to play an essential role in controlling the stability of the milk micelles. We found that the expression of Csn3 was induced by all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) during neural differentiation in P19 embryonal carcinoma cells from our study using DNA microarray. In this paper, we describe the detailed time course of Csn3 expression and(More)
DNA is constantly being oxidized, and oxidized DNA is prone to mutation; moreover, guanine is highly sensitive to several oxidative stressors. Several oxidatively damaged forms of guanine-including 2,2,4-triamino-5(2H)-oxazolone (Oz), iminoallantoin (Ia), and spiroiminodihydantoin (Sp)-can be paired with guanine, and cause G:C-C:G transversions. Previous(More)