Takamitsu Sasaki

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Cytochrome P450 2B6 (CYP2B6) is a potentially important enzyme for the metabolism of clinical drugs, and it exhibits genetic polymorphism. Thus far, 29 allelic variants of CYP2B6 (CYP2B6*1-CYP2B6*29) have been identified. This study aimed to investigate whether 26 of the variant alleles of CYP2B6 (CYP2B6*2-CYP2B6*21 and CYP2B6*23-CYP2B6*28) affect its(More)
Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) is an enzyme of potential importance for the metabolism of drugs used clinically, and it exhibits genetic polymorphism with interindividual differences in metabolic activity. To date, 21 CYP2D6 allelic variants have been identified in the Japanese population. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional(More)
Cilostazol (OPC-13013; 6-[4-(1-cyclohexl-1H-tetrazol-5-yl)butoxy]-3,4-dihydro-2(1H)-quinolinone) is widely used as an antiplatelet vasodilator agent. In vitro, the hydroxylation of the quinone moiety of cilostazol to OPC-13326 [6-[4-(1-cyclohexyl-1H-tetrazol-5-yl)butoxy]-3,4-dihydro-4-hydroxy-2(1H)-quinolinone], is the predominant route, and the(More)
High mobility group (HMGB)1/amphoterin is a multifunctional cytokine involved in invasion and metastasis of cancer and in inflammation. To investigate HMGB1/amphoterin effects on macrophages, U937 human monocytic leukemia cells and rat peritoneal and human alveolar macrophages were examined. U937 cells expressed low levels of an HMGB1/amphoterin receptor,(More)
Growing evidence indicates that the innate immune system and oxidative stress caused by gut-derived endotoxins play a key role in alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Intracellular mechanisms associated with endotoxin-induced signaling play a crucial role in the initiation and progression of ALD. It is now widely accepted that activation of the innate immune(More)
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) activators have been shown to induce members of the cytochrome P450 (P450) 1 family. Here we demonstrate that the AhR activators induce CYP3A4 through human pregnane X receptor (PXR). AhR activators, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) increased CYP3A4 reporter activity and(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGF-R) expression has been reported in a variety of cancers, including colorectal, breast, lung, ovarian and pancreatic cancers, but the role of PDGF-R expression in the development and progression of colon carcinoma has not yet been elucidated. The purpose of this study was to examine the expression of PDGF and(More)
Genetic polymorphisms of enzymes involved in the metabolism of carcinogens are suggested to modify an individual's susceptibility to lung cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between lung cancer cases in Japan and variant alleles of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2A6 (CYP2A6*4), CYP2A13 (CYP2A13*1-*10), CYP4B1 (CYP4B1*1-*7),(More)
BACKGROUND Health foods have been widely sold and consumed in Japan. There has been an increase in reports of adverse effects in association with the expanding health food market. While health food-drug interactions are a particular concern from the viewpoint of safe and effective use of health foods, information regarding such interactions is limited owing(More)
The bioavailability of orally administered therapies are often significantly limited in the human intestine by the metabolic activities of cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Predicting whether candidate compounds induce CYP3A4 and P-gp is a crucial stage in the drug development process, as drug-drug interactions may result in the(More)