Learn More
Optical topography (OT) signals measured during an experiment that used activation tasks for certain brain functions contain neuronal-activation induced blood oxygenation changes and also physiological changes. We used independent component analysis to separate the signals and extracted components related to brain activation without using any hemodynamic(More)
Neuronal activity alters calcium ion (Ca2+) dynamics in astrocytes, but the physiologic relevance of these changes is controversial. To examine this issue further, we generated an inducible transgenic mouse model in which the expression of an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate absorbent, “IP3 sponge”, attenuates astrocytic Ca2+ signaling. Attenuated Ca2+ activity(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the spatial and temporal distribution of the electroencephalographic (EEG) pattern termed 'periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges' (PLEDs), we performed magnetoencephalography (MEG) to analyze PLEDs in a patient with a right parietal metastasis associated with meningeal carcinomatosis. METHODS A 37-channel biomagnetometer was(More)
We analyzed the interictal [18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FGD-PET) and single photon emission computed tomography with technetium-99m-hexamethyl-propyleneamine oxime (HMPAO-SPECT) in two epileptic patients with periventricular nodular heterotopia (PNH). In both cases, we found both the glucose metabolism and the perfusion of PNH(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the electrophysiological characteristics of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and the distinction with Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS We performed analyses of global field power (GFP) which is a measure of whole brain electric field strength, and EEG neuroimaging analyses with sLORETA (standardized low resolution electromagnetic(More)
A positron emission tomography (PET) study on the regional cerebral glucose metabolism (rCMRglc) was performed in six patients with corticobasal degeneration (CBD). The clinical features included asymmetrical parkinsonism with apraxia, were related to the cerebral cortical and basal ganglionic dysfunction. An MRI study showed all cases to have asymmetrical(More)
It has been widely accepted that ocular dominance in the responses of visual cortical neurons can change depending on visual experience in a postnatal period. However, experience-dependent plasticity for orientation selectivity, which is another important response property of visual cortical neurons, is not yet fully understood. To address this issue, using(More)
We carried out voltage-sensitive dye imaging of the guinea pig auditory cortex to determine whether the ongoing and spontaneous activities of the cortex exhibit spatial coherence reflecting the tonotopic organization of the cortex. We used independent component analysis and a signal-plus-noise model to extract ongoing activities from the observed signals(More)
  The endocochlear potential (EP) of +80 mV in the scala media, which is indispensable for audition, is controlled by K+ transport across the lateral cochlear wall. This wall includes two epithelial barriers, the syncytium and the marginal cells. The former contains multiple cell types, such as fibrocytes, which are exposed to perilymph on their basolateral(More)
Unidirectional K+ transport across the lateral cochlear wall contributes to the endocochlear potential (EP) of +80 mV in the endolymph, a property essential for hearing. The wall comprises two epithelial layers, the syncytium and the marginal cells. The basolateral surface of the former and the apical membranes of the latter face the perilymph and the(More)