Learn More
Optical topography (OT) signals measured during an experiment that used activation tasks for certain brain functions contain neuronal-activation induced blood oxygenation changes and also physiological changes. We used independent component analysis to separate the signals and extracted components related to brain activation without using any hemodynamic(More)
It has previously been reported that low-energy laser irradiation stimulated the velocity of tooth movement via the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B (RANK)/RANK ligand and the macrophage colony-stimulating factor/its receptor (c-Fms) systems. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, cathepsin K, and alpha(v) beta(3) [alpha(v)beta3] integrin are(More)
Neuronal activity alters calcium ion (Ca2+) dynamics in astrocytes, but the physiologic relevance of these changes is controversial. To examine this issue further, we generated an inducible transgenic mouse model in which the expression of an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate absorbent, “IP3 sponge”, attenuates astrocytic Ca2+ signaling. Attenuated Ca2+ activity(More)
INTRODUCTION To prevent postoperative pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF) after total (pharyngo)laryngectomy, simultaneous coverage of pharyngeal anastomosis with vascularised flaps such as pectoralis major muscle, anterolateral thigh or radial forearm, has been reported to be effective. As an alternative to the invasive methods using distant flaps, we used the(More)
We carried out voltage-sensitive dye imaging of the guinea pig auditory cortex to determine whether the ongoing and spontaneous activities of the cortex exhibit spatial coherence reflecting the tonotopic organization of the cortex. We used independent component analysis and a signal-plus-noise model to extract ongoing activities from the observed signals(More)
It has been widely accepted that ocular dominance in the responses of visual cortical neurons can change depending on visual experience in a postnatal period. However, experience-dependent plasticity for orientation selectivity, which is another important response property of visual cortical neurons, is not yet fully understood. To address this issue, using(More)
  The endocochlear potential (EP) of +80 mV in the scala media, which is indispensable for audition, is controlled by K+ transport across the lateral cochlear wall. This wall includes two epithelial barriers, the syncytium and the marginal cells. The former contains multiple cell types, such as fibrocytes, which are exposed to perilymph on their basolateral(More)
Although salicylate is one of the most widely used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, it causes moderate hearing loss and tinnitus at high-dose levels. In the present study, salicylate effects on the K currents in inner hair cells were examined. Salicylate reversibly reduced the outward K currents (I(K,f)), but did not affect the inward current (I(K,n)).(More)
Unidirectional K+ transport across the lateral cochlear wall contributes to the endocochlear potential (EP) of +80 mV in the endolymph, a property essential for hearing. The wall comprises two epithelial layers, the syncytium and the marginal cells. The basolateral surface of the former and the apical membranes of the latter face the perilymph and the(More)