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Lichen amyloidosis (LA) is a type of primary localized cutaneous amyloidosis characterized by multiple pruritic discrete hyperkeratotic papules with amyloid deposition in the papillary dermis. Two patients with LA had been treated with topical corticosteroids, but with no effect on the eruptions. The present authors then started treating the affected area(More)
Filaggrin-2 is a member of the S100 fused-type protein family, and the structural features and expression of filaggrin-2 are similar to those of profilaggrin, a protein essential for keratinization. In the present study, we investigated the expression profile of filaggrin-2 in patients with skin diseases using antibodies against the repetitive region of(More)
UV radiation indirectly regulates melanogenesis in melanocytes through a paracrine regulatory mechanism involving keratinocytes. Protease-activated receptor (PAR)-2 activation induces melanosome transfer by increasing phagocytosis of melanosomes by keratinocytes. This study demonstrated that macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) stimulated PAR-2(More)
We investigated the involvement of serine protease and proteinase-activated receptor 2 (PAR(2)) in dermatophyte-induced itch in mice. An intradermal injection of an extract of the dermatophyte Arthroderma vanbreuseghemii (ADV) induced hind-paw scratching, an itch-related behavior. ADV extract-induced scratching was inhibited by the opioid receptor(More)
BACKGROUND Oronine H(®) ointment, which contains chlorhexidine gluconate as its active component, is a well known disinfectant, and has been widely used for treatment of acne in Japan. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of this ointment on the formation of comedones induced by application of 50% oleic acid on the orifices of the external(More)
Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation exerts numerous effects on the skin. Exposure of human skin to UVB at doses that induce mild sunburn reactions causes epidermal hyperproliferation and alterations in the expression of several epidermal differentiation markers. This study investigated the effects of UVB irradiation on the expression of hornerin, a member of the(More)
Trichohyalin-like 1 (TCHHL1) protein is a novel member of the fused-type S100 protein gene family. The deduced amino acid sequence of TCHHL1 contains an EF-hand domain in the N-terminus, one trans-membrane domain and a nuclear localization signal. We generated specific antibodies against the C-terminus of the TCHHL1 protein and examined the expression of(More)
Alopecia areata (AA) is commonly characterized by patchy areas of hair loss on the scalp. AA has been considered as a tissue-specific and T cell-mediated autoimmune disease of the hair follicles with a genetic predisposition to hair loss (1, 2). Patients with AA sometimes report experiencing itch on the scalp at the same time as an increase in hair loss(More)
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