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The inverse association between plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and body mass index (BMI) has been reported in Western populations. Here we analyzed the relationship between plasma BNP and obesity in a general urban Japanese population. We recruited 1,759 subjects without atrial fibrillation or history of ischemic heart disease aged 38-95(More)
AIMS Circulating progenitor cells such as CD34+ cells play a key role in maintenance of vascular endothelial function and neovascularization, and a decrease in the number of CD34+ cells is associated with cardiovascular disease. However, the contribution of circulating progenitor cells to microvascular disease, such as diabetic nephropathy, is unclear. This(More)
AIM Heterozygous patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) are known to be associated with a high risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), which is a major determinant of their clinical outcome. The prognosis of heterozygous FH patients substantially varies, being dependent on the level of their CAD risk, and their therapeutic regimen should be(More)
AIM Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) patients are at particular risk for premature coronary artery disease (CAD) caused by high levels of low density lipoprotein (LDL). Administration of statins enabled us to reduce LDL-C levels in heterozygous FH patients. To evaluate the impact of statins on the clinical fate of heterozygous FH, a retrospective study(More)
AIMS The association between BMI and low levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), a marker of heart failure, has been demonstrated in a large population-based cohort. We examined the effects of obesity on BNP levels in patients with diabetes that are often associated with obesity and a higher risk for heart failure. METHODS Plasma BNP levels, BMI, and(More)
Circulating bone marrow derived immature cells, including CD34-positive (CD34(+)) cells, contribute to maintenance of the vasculature, not only as a pool of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), but also as a source of growth/angiogenesis factor. We hypothesized that the thiazolidineone compound pioglitazone could stimulate the circulating CD34(+) cells in(More)
1 P atients with type 2 diabetes often suffer from asymptomatic left ven-tricular (LV) injury, including increased LV mass, without apparent myocardial ischemia. The mechanisms underlying diabetic LV injury remain unclear ; however, it has been suggested that endothelial dysfunction plays a role. Accumulating evidence indicates that bone marrow– derived(More)
1. 148 cases of cholelithiasis operated upon our facilities more than one year could be followed. 2. Comparing cholecystitis without stone (A), cholecystit is with stone (B), choledochus stone (C), and gallbladder and choledochus stone (D), B and C showed similar pat terns so far as delayed complaints concern. 3. Preoperative liver function, palpable tumor(More)
On the diagnosis of the cancer of the colon, especially that of the rectal and sigmoidal lesions, the following rentgenographic examinations such as Fischer 's method, Welin's method and highvoltage technique were compared with each other and the result of which it was demonatrated Welin's technique was proved predominent in early stage. But the(More)