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The purpose of the study was to determine whether characteristics of a motor action affect anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs). Standing subjects held a load between their hands with arms extended in front of their body. Next, subjects performed bilateral shoulder abduction movements (motor action) of three amplitudes at three instructed speeds. This(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether changes in the amplitude of a motor action triggering the same perturbation affect anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs). Healthy subjects performed releases of the same load with shoulder abduction movements of different amplitudes. Changes in the electrical activity of trunk and leg muscles, as well as(More)
The aim of this study was twofold, to analyze the effects of changes in body position and changes in the location of body supports on anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs). Eight healthy subjects were studied while sitting and standing. Subjects exerted upward or downward vertical force against an object attached to a rigid frame and released the object(More)
Anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) in standing subjects were studied using different motor actions. We tested the hypothesis that a direct relation between the forthcoming perturbation and motor action is needed to trigger robust anticipatory postural adjustments. The same postural perturbation of a standard load release was induced by either a(More)
Anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) play an important role in the performance of many activities requiring the maintenance of standing posture. However, little is known about if and how children with cerebral palsy (CP) generate APAs. Two groups of children with CP (hemiplegia and diplegia) and a group of children with typical motor development(More)
Anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) play an important role in the performance of many activities requiring the maintenance of vertical posture. However, little is known about how children utilize APAs during self-induced postural perturbations. A group of children, aged 7-16 years, with typical motor development, performed various arm movements while(More)
Voluntary movements are often preceded by a movement-related potential beginning as much as two seconds prior to the onset of movement. In light of evidence that motor actions can be prepared and initiated in less than 200 ms, the function of this early activity has remained enigmatic. We hypothesized that the movement-related potential reflects the state(More)
OBJECTIVE The role of anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) has been commonly hypothesized to stabilize the body's center of mass (COM) from reaction forces and torques induced by voluntary movements in a feed-forward manner. This hypothesis was developed from studies which investigated movements that induced anterior-posterior or medial-lateral(More)