Takako Kurata

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BACKGROUND A 32-base pair (bp) deletion mutation in the beta-chemokine receptor CCR5 gene has been associated with resistance against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection and disease. Large-scale studies conducted among Caucasians indicate that individuals who are homozygous for this deletion mutation (D32/D32) are protected against HIV-1(More)
Measles virus (MV) is one of the candidates for the application of oncolytic virotherapy (OVT). Although an advanced clinical study has been reported on a T-cell lymphoma, the potential of MV OVT against B-cell lymphomas remains to be clarified. We found that an EBV-transformed B lymphoblastoid cell line, a model for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, and(More)
Measles is a highly contagious disease causing an estimated 2.6 million deaths per year before a vaccine was developed. However, the attenuated measles vaccine has brought the disease under control. Vaccine-associated measles can occur in children and immunocompromised individuals. Little is known about the occurrence of vaccine-associated measles in(More)
A large rubella outbreak occurred in Japan 2013, and 14,344 rubella and 45 congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) cases were reported. At that time, the populational immunity was above the protective threshold assessed by hemmaglutination inhibition (HI) titer. The genotype 2B rubella virus (RV) strains were responsible for the outbreak, which are non-indigenous(More)
In 2013, a rubella outbreak was observed in Japan, Romania, and Poland. The outbreak in Japan was accompanied by an increase of measles reports, especially from a region where measles is highly controlled. This was attributed to the adult populations affected by this rubella outbreak, similarity of clinical signs between rubella and measles, sufficiently(More)
The use of plasmid DNA encoding influenza viral proteins to vaccinate animals constitutes a promising approach to the development of effective subunit vaccines. This review describes the results obtained by the immunization of mice with such plasmid DNAs. (i) Both hemagglutinin (HA)- and neuraminidase (NA)-expressing DNAs for the surface glycoproteins from(More)
BACKGROUND An easy and reliable assay for detection of the rubella virus is required to strengthen rubella surveillance. Although a TaqMan RT-PCR assay for detection of the rubella virus has been established in Japan, its utility for diagnostic purposes has not been tested. OBJECTIVES To allow introduction of the TaqMan RT-PCR into the rubella(More)
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