Takako Kawami

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Glucocorticoid secretion is a key endocrine response to stress. It has been reported that prenatal stress induces long-lasting alterations in body weight regulation systems, which persist after the stress has ceased. In this study, the long-term effects of prenatal glucocorticoid exposure on body weight changes and the expression of appetite-regulating(More)
Reproductive function is suppressed by several types of stress. Hypothalamic kisspeptin, which is a product of the Kiss1 gene, and GnIH/RFRP have pivotal roles in the regulation of GnRH and gonadotropins through their receptors Kiss1r and GPR147 in many species. However, alterations of these factors under stress conditions have not been fully evaluated.(More)
Oxytocin (OT) affects the central nervous system and is involved in a variety of social and non-social behaviors. Recently, the role played by OT in energy metabolism and its organizational effects on estrogen receptor alpha (ER-α) during the neonatal period have gained attention. In this study, the developmental changes in the hypothalamic mRNA levels of(More)
Adiponectin (APN), secreted by white adipose tissue (WAT), acts as a protective factor against inflammatory conditions. However, the changes in the expression levels of endogenous APN and the two types of APN receptor (AdipoR1 and AdipoR2) induced by acute inflammatory conditions have not been fully elucidated. In this study, the changes in peripheral(More)
It has been reported that obesity leads to more marked inflammatory responses in a site-specific manner. As has been seen in other animal models of obesity, ovariectomized rodents exhibit obesity and exacerbated fever and anorectic responses to the systemic injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Furthermore, they also display increased pro-inflammatory(More)
In addition to its role as a regulator of energy homeostasis, leptin plays a pivotal role in certain immune/inflammatory responses. It has been reported that the synthesis and secretion of leptin are increased during immune stress in male experimental animals, whereas the changes in leptin synthesis and secretion induced by immune stress in females have not(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is an important hypothalamic orexigenic neuropeptide that acts in the brain. It has been established that the fasting-induced up-regulation of NPY expression is mainly caused by a reduction in the activity of leptin, which is a hormone secreted by adipose tissue. We have reported that in female rats hypothalamic NPY mRNA expression does(More)
Hypothalamic pro-inflammatory cytokine expression exhibits a weaker response to lipopolysaccharides (LPS) during the early neonatal period than during the later developmental period. Although toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), which recognizes bacterial molecules, activates pro-inflammatory cytokine responses, the developmental changes in hypothalamic TLR4(More)
Prokineticin (PK2) and its receptors (PKRs) are expressed in several regions of the central nervous system, including the hypothalamus. It has been reported that PK2 inhibits food intake via PKR1 and that the hypothalamic PK2 mRNA levels of adult rodents were reduced by food deprivation. However, some hypothalamic factors do not exhibit sensitivity to(More)
Fetal growth retardation, which affects short- and long-term fetal brain development, is associated with metabolic, hematological, and thermal disturbances, which can increase the risk of metabolic syndrome later in life. Orexigenic and anorexigenic factors regulate food intake and energy expenditure. We studied how the expression of these factors was(More)