Takako Fukuhara

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We developed a novel scoring system for uveitis due to Behçet’s disease (BD), termed Behçet’s disease ocular attack score 24 (BOS24), and examined its validity and usefulness by estimating changes in ocular disease activities both before and after initiation of infliximab therapy. BOS24 consists of a total 24 points divided into 6 parameters of ocular(More)
We tested two hypotheses relating to the sensory deficit that follows a unilateral superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) lesion in an infant animal model. We hypothesized that it would result in (1) a higher incidence of aspiration and (2) temporal changes in sucking and swallowing. We ligated the right-side SLN in six 2–3-week-old female pigs. Using(More)
The present study aimed to examine whether the jaw-opening reflex (JOR) is modulated during swallowing, and if so, to compare the modulation between the low- and high-threshold afferent-evoked reflex responses. Experiments were carried out on 11 anesthetized rabbits. The inferior alveolar nerve was stimulated to evoke the JOR in the digastric muscle. The(More)
To clarify the functional role of cortical descending inputs involved in the swallowing reflex, the effect of electrical stimulation of two cortical masticatory areas (CMAs: A- and P-area) on rhythmic jaw movements (RJMs) and superior laryngeal nerve (SLN)-evoked swallows were studied. RJMs and swallowing reflex were elicited by repetitive electrical(More)
The swallowing reflex is centrally programmed by the lower brain stem, the so-called swallowing central pattern generator (CPG), and once the reflex is initiated, many muscles in the oral, pharyngeal, laryngeal, and esophageal regions are systematically activated. The mylohyoid (MH) muscle has been considered to be a “leading muscle” according to previous(More)
AIM To assess choroidal thickness changes associated with anterior segment recurrences in patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). METHODS EDI-OCT images were obtained periodically from 11 patients with VKH disease (22 eyes) who were followed-up due to anterior segment(More)
PURPOSE To determine the profiles of soluble cytokine receptors and cytokines, including mostly their ligands, in the vitreous humor of patients with B-cell vitreoretinal lymphoma (VRL) and uveitis. METHODS Vitreous samples were collected from immunocompetent patients with VRL (n = 21), uveitis (n = 20), and idiopathic epiretinal membrane (n = 21) as(More)
1 Division of Fisheries Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuen-kibanadai-nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan (e-mail: TF, agg505u@student.miyazaki-u.ac.jp; YI, yuk@cc.miyazaki-u.ac.jp) 2 University of Miyazaki, The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Kagoshima University, 1-1 Gakuen-kibanadai-nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192,(More)