Takako Fukuda

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The crystal structures of two pro-11S globulins namely: rapeseed procruciferin and pea prolegumin are presented here. We have extensively compared them with the other known structures of plant seed 11S and 7S globulins. In general, the disordered regions in the crystal structures among the 11S globulins correspond to their five variable regions. Variable(More)
Legume seeds contain 7S and/or 11S globulins as major storage proteins. The amino acid sequences of them from many legumes are similar to each other in the species but different from each other, meaning that some of these proteins from some crops exhibit excellent functional properties. To demonstrate this, we compared protein chemical and functional(More)
Soybean (Glycine max L.) storage proteins are composed mainly of two major components, beta-conglycinin and glycinin. Electrophoretic variants of the beta subunit of beta-conglycinin and the A3 polypeptide of glycinin were detected on SDS-PAGE, and designated them as beta* and A3*, respectively. beta* and A3* exhibited higher and lower mobilities,(More)
7S globulin (vicilin), the major seed storage protein in adzuki bean [Vigna angularis], was purified by ammonium sulfate fractionation, gel filtration column chromatography, and anion-exchange column chromatography that resulted in two fractions. On SDS-PAGE, both fractions gave two major and some minor bands, but there was a difference in the minor band(More)
The recombinant proteins Adzuki 7S1, Adzuki 7S2, and Adzuki 7S3 were prepared through the Escherichia coli expression systems of three kinds of adzuki bean cDNAs. The recombinant proteins exhibited intrinsic thermal stabilities, surface hydrophobicities, and solubilities, although the homology of their amino acid sequences ranged from 95-98%. To understand(More)
Plant seed cells amass storage proteins that are synthesized on the endoplasmic reticulumn (ER) and then transported to protein storage vacuoles (PSVs). Many dicotyledonous seeds contain 11S globulin (11S) as a major storage protein. We investigated the accumulation behaviors of pea and pumpkin 11S during seed maturation and compared them with soybean 11S(More)
Cultivated soybeans (Glycine max) are derived from wild soybeans (Glycine soja) and can be crossed with them to produce fertile offspring. The latter exhibit greater genetic variation than the former, suggesting a possibility that wild soybeans contain storage proteins with properties different from and better than those of cultivated soybeans. To identify(More)
Glycinin is one of the most abundant storage-protein molecules in soybean seeds and is composed of five subunits (A1aB1b, A1bB2, A2B1a, A3B4 and A5A4B3). A1bB2 was purified from a mutant soybean cultivar containing glycinin composed of only A5A4B3 and A1bB2. At 281 K the protein formed hexagonal, rectangular and rod-shaped crystals in the first [0.1 M(More)
Basic 7S globulin, a cysteine-rich protein from soybean seeds, consists of subunits containing 27 kD and 16 kD chains linked by disulfide bonding. Three differently sized subunits of the basic 7S globulin were detected and partially separated by SP Sepharose chromatography. The basic 7S globulin was characterized as a member of a superfamily of structurally(More)
We have previously reported that the solubility of French bean 7S globulin (phaseolin) at low ionic strength and its emulsifying stability are remarkably high compared with those of 7S globulins prepared from other plant species, including soybean (Kimura et al. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2008, 56, 10273-10279). In this study, we examined the role of carbohydrate(More)
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