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OBJECTIVES Late treatment with erythropoietin (EPO), as well as the administration before the onset of or during the acute stage of myocardial infarction (MI), has recently been shown to mitigate post-MI heart failure. We investigated the mechanisms, including the downstream signaling pathways, for the beneficial effect of late treatment with EPO on chronic(More)
BACKGROUND Doxorubicin is a highly effective antineoplastic drug, but its clinical use is limited by its adverse side effects on the heart. We investigated possible protective effects of erythropoietin against doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS Cardiomyopathy was induced in mice by a single intraperitoneal injection of doxorubicin (15(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the present study was to define whether integrated backscatter (IB) combined with conventional intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) makes tissue characterization of coronary arterial plaques possible. METHODS AND RESULTS IB-IVUS was performed in coronary arteries (total 18 segments) of 9 patients at autopsy, and the findings were(More)
BACKGROUND Fibrosis and progressive failure are prominent pathophysiological features of hearts after myocardial infarction (MI). We examined the effects of inhibiting transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling on post-MI cardiac fibrosis and ventricular remodeling and function. METHODS AND RESULTS MI was induced in mice by left coronary artery(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is implicated in tissue regeneration, angiogenesis, and antiapoptosis. However, its chronic effects are undetermined on postinfarction left ventricular (LV) remodeling and heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS In mice, on day 3 after myocardial infarction (MI), adenovirus encoding human HGF (Ad.CAG-HGF) was injected(More)
BACKGROUND Granulation tissue cells at the subacute stage of myocardial infarction (MI) are eliminated by apoptosis to finally make a scar at the chronic stage. We hypothesized that postinfarct inhibition of apoptosis might preserve myofibroblasts and endothelial cells in granulation and modulate chronic left ventricular (LV) remodeling and heart failure.(More)
AIMS We investigated the effect of an erythropoietin (EPO)-gelatin hydrogel drug delivery system (DDS) applied to the heart on myocardial infarct (MI) size, left ventricular (LV) remodelling and function. METHODS AND RESULTS Experiments were performed in a rabbit model of MI. The infarct size was reduced, and LV remodelling and function were improved 14(More)
BACKGROUND Sensitivity to apoptotic signals, the clearance rate of apoptosis, and the apoptotic ultrastructure have not been studied in cells of the in vivo adult heart. METHODS AND RESULTS To minimize the systemic influence, soluble Fas ligand was injected directly into in vivo rat hearts and livers (as the control) at concentrations of 0, 0.5, 2, and 5(More)
OBJECTIVE Whether bone marrow cells injected following acute myocardial infarction (MI) transdifferentiate into cardiomyocytes remains controversial, and how these cells affect repair-related cytokines is not known. METHODS Autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (BM-MNCs) labeled with DiI, 1,1'-dioctadecyl-1 to(More)
BACKGROUND The nucleus of the myocytes in human hypertrophic hearts is characterized by its bizarre shape and widespread clumping of chromatin. The functional significance has not been determined. METHODS AND RESULTS Left ventricular (LV) endomyocardial biopsies obtained from patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM, n=23), postmyocarditis (n=13),(More)