Learn More
The fungal high osmolarity glycerol (HOG) pathway is composed of a two-component system (TCS) and Hog1-type mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade. A group III (Nik1-type) histidine kinase plays a major role in the HOG pathway of several filamentous fungi. In this study, we characterized a group III histidine kinase, NikA/TcsC, in the(More)
Stachybotrys chartarum, a ubiquitous fungus in our environment, has been suspected of causing respiratory symptoms in humans, such as acute infant pulmonary hemorrhage and asthma. We previously established a mouse model in which repeated inhalation of Stachybotrys chartarum spores caused pulmonary hypertension. To further investigate the model, particularly(More)
The incidence of Aspergillus infection has been increasing in the past few years. Also, new Aspergillus fumigatus-related species, namely Aspergillus lentulus, Aspergillus udagawae, and Aspergillus viridinutans, were shown to infect humans. These fungi exhibit marked morphological similarities to A. fumigatus, albeit with different clinical courses and(More)
Aspergillus fumigatus has been shown to trigger the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), but it remains unclear whether other transcription factors are also induced following infection by this organism. In this study, we demonstrated that A. fumigatus also triggers activator protein 1 (AP-1), a transcription factor that plays an important role(More)
Histoplasmosis, one of the most important mycoses, needs to be diagnosed rapidly and accurately. The main method used to diagnose histoplasmosis is serological detection of antibodies to the Histoplasma capsulatum H and M antigens. Several other protein antigens have been reported in H. capsulatum; however, they have not been used for diagnosis. In this(More)
Aspergillus fumigatus is an all-important pathogenic fungus and is known for its angiotropism. When it invades human organs, A. fumigatus makes direct contact with blood and its components by causing inflammation and invading vascular structures. To learn the effect of its contact with blood on the development of infection, we examined the effect of serum(More)
Gliotoxin is an important virulence factor of Aspergillus fumigatus. Although GliA putatively belongs to the major facilitator superfamily in the gliotoxin biosynthesis cluster, its roles remain unclear. To determine the function of GliA, we disrupted gliA in A. fumigatus. gliA disruption increased the susceptibility of A. fumigatus to gliotoxin. The gliT(More)
OBJECTIVE Although protein malnutrition impairs immune functions, several studies have recently shown that protein restriction without malnutrition is beneficial to host defenses against invading pathogens and cancer. In an effort to establish the optimum diet for host resistance, we investigated the effect of different dietary protein levels on host(More)
Biofilm production by microorganisms is critical for their pathogenicity. Serum promotes biofilm production by Aspergillus fumigatus; however, its effects on other Aspergillus spp. have not been reported. We analyzed biofilm formation by five Aspergillus spp., i.e., A. fumigatus, A. flavus, A. nidulans, A. niger, and A. terreus, and examined the effects of(More)
Psychological stress has been shown to modulate immune functions. In this study, we investigated the effect of dietary oils (olive oil, soybean oil, and fish oil) on the social isolation stress-induced modulation of lymphocyte immunological activities in mice. In olive oil-fed, but not soybean oil- or fish oil-fed, mice, a 2-week isolation stress decreased(More)