Learn More
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicities of the gemcitabine and paclitaxel combination regimen as second-line chemotherapy for patients with advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (UC) who have previously been treated with platinum-based chemotherapy for the metastatic disease. METHODS Thirty-three patients with(More)
The aim of this study was to establish the discriminating accuracy of Kanao's pre-operative nomogram for renal cell carcinoma in predicting cause-specific survival among representative patients who underwent nephrectomy. Patients originated from two centers: Chiba University Hospital (n= 151) and Chiba Cancer Center (n = 91). We validated the predictive(More)
Molecular abnormalities in the epithelial cells of endometriosis and their relevance to carcinogenesis of the ovary have been well studied. On the other hand, the differences of proinflammatory microenvironments between endometriosis and ovarian carcinomas have not been well documented yet. In this study, the expression patterns of CXC chemokines (IL-8,(More)
BACKGROUND The Cancer/Testis Antigens (CTAs) are an important group of proteins that are typically restricted to the testis in the normal adult but are aberrantly expressed in several types of cancers. As a result of their restricted expression patterns, the CTAs could serve as unique biomarkers for cancer diagnosis/prognosis. The aim of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND The cancer/testis antigens (CTAs) are a unique group of proteins normally expressed in germ cells but aberrantly expressed in several types of cancers including prostate cancer (PCa). However, their role in PCa has not been fully explored. METHODS CTA expression profiling in PCa samples and cell lines was done utilizing a custom microarray that(More)
AIM To investigate the prognostic and predictive relevance of p53 protein, Ki-67 antigen, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in patients with transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the upper urinary tract. METHODS The expression of p53 protein, Ki-67 antigen, MMP-2 and MMP-9 was examined by immunohistochemistry in 69 patients with TCC of the upper urinary tract. Correlation(More)
BACKGROUND The antiangiogenic CXC chemokines interferon gamma (IFN-gamma)-inducible T-cell alpha chemoattractant (I-TAC) and monokine induced by IFN-gamma (Mig) are known as members of IFN-gamma-inducible antiangiogenic CXC chemokines. However, the expression of these chemokines in highly angiogenic tumors remains poorly understood. The authors examined(More)
BACKGROUND Ligand-independent activation of the androgen receptor (AR) by cytokines has been implicated in the progression of androgen-independent prostate cancer (PCa). To determine the potential effects of elevated levels of interleukin-4 (IL-4) in patients with PCa, six different cytokines were examined for their ability to activate the AR. MATERIALS(More)
The gene expression profiles of tumour and normal vasculature are distinctively different. The altered expression of various angiogenesis-related genes in tumour-derived endothelial cells has been investigated intensively, but there may be as yet unidentified molecules that regulate tumour angiogenesis. In the present study, the distinctive expression of(More)
The objective of the present study was to document the treatment efficacy and safety of sorafenib in Japanese patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). A retrospective analysis of 50 consecutive patients with metastatic RCC between January 2005 and December 2009 was carried out. Patients received sorafenib after failed cytokine therapy or(More)