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Various accumulating evidence suggests that survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family, plays an important role in drug resistance and cancer cell survival in many types of cancer, including hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC). Here, we characterized YM155, a novel small-molecule survivin suppressant, using a survivin gene promoter(More)
Survivin, an apoptotic inhibitor, is overexpressed in the majority of human tumor types and represents a novel target for anticancer therapy. Taxanes induce a mitotic cell-cycle block through the inhibition of microtubule depolymerization, with subsequent elevated expression/stabilization of survivin. We investigated the administration of survivin(More)
Antitumor activities of YM155, a novel small-molecule survivin suppressant, were investigated in a wide variety of human cancer cell lines and xenograft models. YM155 inhibited the growth of 119 human cancer cell lines, with the greatest activity in lines derived from non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, hormone-refractory prostate cancer, ovarian cancer, sarcoma,(More)
Metastatic triple negative breast cancer [TNBC, with negative expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors and no overexpression of HER2/neu (ErbB-2)] remains a major therapeutic challenge because of its poor overall prognosis and lack of optimal targeted therapies. Survivin has been implicated as an important mediator of breast cancer cell growth and(More)
YM155, a novel survivin suppressant, shows potent antitumor activity against various human cancers and is currently in phase II clinical trials. In this study, we investigated whether YM155 selectively inhibits survivin transcription. We hypothesize that inhibition of survivin transcription plays a role in YM155-mediated survivin inhibition. We found that(More)
YM155, a small-molecule survivin suppressant, specifically binds to the transcription factor ILF3, which regulates the expression of survivin[1]. In this experiment we have demonstrated that p54(nrb) binds to the survivin promoter and regulates survivin expression. p54(nrb) forms a complex with ILF3, which directly binds to YM155. YM155 induces disruption(More)
PURPOSE Survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family, is an attractive target for cancer therapy. We have now investigated the effect of YM155, a small-molecule inhibitor of survivin expression, on the sensitivity of human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines to gamma-radiation. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The radiosensitizing effect(More)
PURPOSE Aggressive cell growth and chemoresistance are notorious obstacles in melanoma therapy. Accumulating evidence suggests that survivin is preferentially expressed in cancer cells and plays a crucial role in cell division and apoptosis dysfunction. Here, we evaluated the therapeutic potential of YM155, a selective survivin suppressant, alone and in(More)
YM155, a novel small-molecule that down-regulates survivin, exhibits broad, potent antitumor activity against a range of human tumors. We evaluated the activity of YM155 in aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma. In a number of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma lines, YM155 exhibited 50% growth inhibition with values between 0.23 and 3.9 nM. Within in vivo xenograft(More)
INTRODUCTION Sepantronium bromide (YM155) is an antitumor drug in development and is a first-in-class chemical entity, which is a survivin suppressant. We developed a radiosynthesis of [(11)C]YM155 to non-invasively evaluate its tissue and tumor distribution in mice bearing human prostate tumor xenografts. METHODS Methods utilizing [(11)C]acetyl chloride(More)