Takahisa Tanikawa

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BACKGROUND Monckeberg's calcification in diabetes, known as medial artery calcification, is an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality. However, the mechanism underlying this phenomenon remains to be elucidated. We demonstrate that advanced glycation end products (AGEs) induce calcification of vascular smooth muscle cells through the receptor for(More)
Increased monocyte recruitment into subendothelial space in atherosclerotic lesions is one of the hallmarks of diabetic angiopathy. The aim of this study was to determine the state of peripheral blood monocytes in diabetes associated with atherosclerosis. Diabetic patients treated with/without an oral hypoglycemic agent and/or insulin for at least 1 year(More)
Galectin-9 is a beta-galactoside-binding lectin expressed in various tissues. It binds various glycoconjugates and modulates a variety of biological functions in various cell types. Although galectin-9 is expressed in bone, its function in human osteoblasts remains unclear. We demonstrate that galectin-9 induces osteoblast differentiation through the(More)
Although increased vascular permeability is known to be a major characteristic of diabetic vasculopathy, the precise mechanisms and relevance of advanced glycation end products (AGE) to hyperpermeability of vessels remains unclear. Here, we studied changes in cytoskeletal configuration and the signaling mechanism induced by AGE in human endothelial cells.(More)
We report a 52-year-old woman who was noted to have elevated alkaline phosphatase (ALP), hypercalcemia (Ca: 11.7 mg/dL), and intact parathyroid hormone (intact PTH: 643.1 pg/mL), and then referred to our hospital with suspected hyperparathyroidism. Ultrasound examination of the neck and magnetic resonance imaging showed a mass region in the posterior aspect(More)
We examined whether an additive treatment with an angiotensin receptor blocker, olmesartan, reduces the mortality and morbidity in hypertensive patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, β-blockers, or both. In this prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded endpoint study, a total of 1147(More)
We report a rare case of bilateral primary adrenal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with adrenal failure. A 66-year-old woman developed symptoms of adrenal failure. The cause of adrenal failure was suspected to be malignant lymphoma based on the high levels of serum soluble interleukin-2 receptor and LDH. Bilateral adrenalectomy was performed and pathological(More)
UNLABELLED Galectin-9 is a beta-galactoside-binding lectin expressed in various tissues, including bone. The role of galectin-9 in human osteoblasts, however, remains unclear. This study showed that galectin-9 interacts with lipid rafts and induces osteoblast proliferation through the c-Src/ERK signaling pathway. INTRODUCTION Galectin-9 is a(More)
We report two cases of insulinoma in advanced age patients considered unsuitable for surgery, in whom single daily doses of octreotide successfully improved hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia. The biological half-life of octreotide is about 100 min, hence it is customary to use two or three administrations per day to prevent hypoglycemia in insulinoma(More)
We report a rare case of virilizing adrenocortical adenoma complicated with Cushing's syndrome, thyroid papillary carcinoma and hypergastrinemia. A 45-year-old woman had a history of amenorrhea for 10 years, hypertension for 8 years, and diabetes mellitus for 3 years. Physical examination showed a masculinized woman with severe hirsutism, male-like(More)