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In an attempt to clarify the involvement of fatty acid desaturases (FADs) in the freezing tolerance of Chlorella vulgaris IAM C-27, developed by hardening, we have isolated cDNA clones for two types of FADs from the Chlorella strain, based on the sequence information of genes for delta12 and omega-3 FADs, respectively desaturating oleic acid (18:1) to(More)
The random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) band patterns from 23 Salmonella spp. produced by use of an oligonucleotide primer (called du primer) designed on the basis of the N-terminal sequence of dulcitol 1-phosphate dehydrogenase (5'-GTGGTGACCCAGGATGGCCAGGTG-3') were different from those from 16 non-Salmonella spp. The bands at 460 and 700 bp were(More)
Age-related vascular diseases are induced by vascular dysfunction, which involves changes in the vasomotor response. The voltage-dependent L-type calcium channel (VDCC) protein is involved in the regulation of vessel function (contraction/relaxation action). In the present study, we evaluated age-related vasomotor function and expression of the(More)
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) can cause severe illnesses in humans such as hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic-uremic syndrome. In this study, we carried out genotypic analysis of the Shiga toxin (stx) gene in 120 clinical isolates of STEC and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) from patients in a southern district of Japan. We identified 88(More)
We found that azoxymethane and dietary deoxycholate induced liver tumors in rats. The incidence and the development of the tumor were closely related to the enterohepatic circulation of bile acids. The feeding of a high-molecular-weight fraction of soy protein digest (HMF) suppressed the tumorigenesis, probably due to the inhibitory effect of soybean(More)
Proteins and genes involved in the recovery of heat-injured Salmonella Enteritidis were investigated. Salmonella Enteritidis cells cultured overnight in tryptic soy broth (TSB; nonselective medium) were suspended in citric acid-disodium hydrogen phosphate buffer (pH 6). After heat treatment at 55 degrees C for 15 min, the culturable counts measured by(More)
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains belonging to serogroup O145 are an important cause of hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic uremic syndrome worldwide. Cattle and other animals are potential reservoirs for this pathogen. To develop PCR assays for detection and identification of E. coli O145, the wzx (O-antigen flippase) and wzy (O-antigen(More)
Taurine is known to function as a protectant against various stresses in animal cells. In order to utilize taurine as a compatible solute for stress tolerance of yeast, isolation of cDNA clones for genes encoding enzymes involved in biosynthesis of taurine was attempted. Two types of cDNA clones corresponding to genes encoding cysteine dioxygenase (CDO1 and(More)
Two kinds of isoforms of glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) were purified from cells of a freezing-tolerant strain, Chlorella vulgaris C-27, by sequential steps of chromatography on five kinds of columns, including a HiTrap Blue column which showed excellent separation of the isoforms from each other. The two isoforms (G6PDH1 and G6PDH2) were(More)
A rapid and sensitive method for detection of staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) in raw and dry milk samples with the use of antibody-based immunomagnetic separation (IMS) in conjunction with flow cytometry (FCM) was developed. Sheep anti-SEB immunoglobulin G (IgG) was immobilized on Dynabeads M-280. The SEB initially binds to the capturing antibody, which(More)