Takahisa Hirose

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OBJECTIVE Exogenous administration of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) or GLP-1 receptor agonists such as an exendin-4 has direct beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system. However, their effects on atherosclerogenesis have not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of GLP-1 on accumulation of monocytes/macrophages on the(More)
OBJECTIVE Postprandial hyperglycemia observed in type 2 diabetes mellitus is a risk factor for atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of strict glycemic control by nateglinide on common carotid far wall intima-media thickness in type 2 diabetic patients who were already under good glycemic control. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
1 OBJECTIVE—Recent studies identified accumulation of reac-tive oxygen species (ROS) as a common pathway causing insulin resistance. However, whether and how the reduction of ROS levels improves insulin resistance remains to be elucidated. The present study was designed to define this mechanism. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—We investigated the effect of(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate whether carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) add value to the Framingham risk score (FRS) in predicting the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in type 2 diabetic patients with a negative history of CVD. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Type 2 diabetic(More)
Although chronic pain due to diabetic neuropathy, defined as painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN), is a debilitating and distressing complication of diabetes, epidemiological data on PDN has been scarce, especially in Asia. We evaluated the prevalence of Japanese PDN and its impact on their quality of life (QOL) and metnal state. In addition, we examined to(More)
AIMS/INTRODUCTION 'Morningness' and 'eveningness' represent the sleep-wake patterns of the circadian rhythm might also affect glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the morningness-eveningness trait and metabolic parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study participants comprised 101(More)
AIMS/INTRODUCTION The distinct effects of different statins on glycemic control have not been fully evaluated. In this open-label, prospective, cross-over clinical trial, we compared the effects of pitavastatin and atorvastatin on glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients with hypercholesterolemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 28 Japanese type 2(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether hand contamination with fruit results in a false blood glucose (BG) reading using capillary fingertip blood sample. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The study subjects were healthy volunteers with normal glucose tolerance test. Capillary BG samples were collected from the fingertip after peeling orange, grape, or kiwi fruit,(More)
Monocyte adhesion to arterial endothelial cells is the initial step in atherosclerosis. Whereas angiotensin II is known to elicit leukocyte adhesion, it is not clear whether blockade of the angiotensin II receptor signaling reduces monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells beyond its antihypertensive action. This study compared the effect of two different(More)
INTRODUCTION To assess the efficacy and safety of vildagliptin as add-on therapy in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), inadequately controlled on stable long-acting, intermediate-acting, or pre-mixed insulin, with or without concomitant metformin. METHODS In this 12-week placebo-controlled study, patients were randomized to receive(More)