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The present study was designed to investigate whether the stoichiometry of octacalcium phosphate OCP affects its osteoconductive and immune response characteristics in rat bone marrow. Those characteristics of synthetic, well-grown OCP but with a non-stoichiometric composition were compared with those of a slightly hydrolyzed OCP (low crystalline OCP:(More)
Osteoclasts are involved in bone resorption, and its activation is considered one of the causes of osteoporosis. The pit assay is the principal method for evaluating osteoclast function by measuring hydroxyapatite resorption in vitro. However, the pit assay requires time and trained techniques, including the pit image analysis, and there is no other easy(More)
Small leucine-rich proteoglycans, such as biglycan, and their side chain sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), have been suggested to be involved in bone formation and mineralization processes. The present study was designed to investigate whether chondroitin sulfate (CS), one of the GAG, and its oversulfated structures coupled with bone morphogenetic(More)
The present study was designed to determine whether the osteoconductivity of octacalcium phosphate-collagen (OCP/Col) composite can be improved by controlling the granule size of OCP. The granules of synthetic OCP, with diameters in the range of 53 to 300, 300 to 500, and 500 to 1000 μm, were used as an inorganic source of composite materials mixed with(More)
Schizophyllan is a natural beta-(1-->3)-d-glucan existing as a triple helix in water and as a single chain in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO). As we already reported, when a homo-polynucleotide [e.g., poly(dA) or poly(C)] is added to the schizophyllan/DMSO solution and subsequently DMSO is exchanged for water, the single chain of schizophyllan forms a complex with(More)
Octacalcium phosphate (OCP) has been advocated to be a precursor of biological apatite crystals in bones and teeth. Our previous studies showed that synthetic OCP stimulates bone regeneration, followed by the progressive conversion of OCP into hydroxyapatite (HA), when implanted in bone defects. However, the precise mechanism to induce the osteogenic(More)
Although the efficacy of the in vivo osteogenic capabilities of synthetic octacalcium phosphate (OCP) crystal implantation can be explained through its stimulatory capacity for the differentiation of the host osteoblastic cell lineage, direct evidence that OCP supports bone regeneration by osteogenic cells in vivo has not been shown. Mesenchymal stem cells(More)
The present study was designed to investigate whether three sodium hyaluronic acid (HyA) medical products, Artz(®), Suvenyl(®) and a chemically modified derivative of sodium HyA Synvisc(®), can be used as suitable vehicles for an osteoconductive octacalcium phosphate (OCP). OCP granules (300-500 μm diameter) were mixed with these sodium HyAs with molecular(More)
Synthetic octacalcium phosphate (OCP) has a potential to enhance new bone formation and exhibits biodegradable characteristics when implanted in experimentally created bone defects. The precise mechanisms of OCP biodegradation remain unclear, though histological observations have revealed that bone-resorbing osteoclasts appear and resorb implanted OCP. To(More)
Since oxygen is one of the critical limiting factors for maintaining cell viability and function, a great deal of effort is being focused on improving the oxygen supply to three-dimensional (3D) cellular constructs. Here, we report a technique to construct spheroids utilizing 3D culture chips with a rapid and simple method for the replication of the surface(More)