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The quantitative performance indicators of Physical Unclonable Functions (PUFs)\Randomness, Steadiness, Correctness, Diffuseness and Uniqueness\are strictly defined and applied to the evaluation of 45 arbiter PUFs on Virtex-5 FPGAs. The indicators effectively reflect the characteristics of PUFs ranging from 0 to 1 with 1 being the highest(More)
This paper examines numerical algorithms for factorization of a low-rank matrix with missing components. We first propose a new method that incorporates a damping factor into the Wiberg method to solve the problem. The new method is characterized by the way it constrains the ambiguity of the matrix factorization, which helps improve both the global(More)
This paper is the third of the series concerning the localization of the index of Dirac-type operators. In our previous papers we gave a formulation of index of Dirac-type operators on open manifolds under some geometric setting, whose typical example was given by the structure of a torus fiber bundle on the ends of the open manifolds. We introduce two(More)
PURPOSE Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) has been reported to play crucial roles, including in angiogenesis, in several carcinomas. However, the correlation between EMMPRIN levels and angiogenesis expression profile has not been reported, and the role of EMMPRIN in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is unclear. In the present study, we(More)
absTracT It is desirable to build up a lecture video library to enable students to view past lectures at any time and from anywhere on their PCs. For this purpose, we developed a lecture video player/maker system (Yoshida, 2002, 2003). In developing this system, we considered the usability for students and oper-ability for teachers. The player includes a(More)
Recently, not only still pictures but also moving pictures are displayed on the PDAs or cellular phones. When we take a look such pictures, the picture quality seems to be better than those on the CRTs or the large LCDs. In order to clarify the reason, we have investigated the relationship between the subjective quality of different size of pictures with(More)
Although the dissemination of urothelial cancer cells is supposed to be a major cause of the multicentricity of urothelial tumors, the mechanism of implantation has not been well investigated. Here, we found that cancer cell clusters from the urine of patients with urothelial cancer retain the ability to survive, grow, and adhere. By using cell lines and(More)
Non-muscle invasive bladder cancer is treated with intravesical chemotherapy (IVC) after transurethral resection (TUR) to reduce the probability of recurrence. Despite improvement, the recurrence rate remains high. Intravesical chemotherapeutics at high doses are expected to ablate unresected tumors and floating cancer cells after TUR, although the fate of(More)
To evaluate the characteristics of wood ash as fertilizer, composition of inorganic elements and the leaching behavior were studied. The leaching behavior was evaluated by three leaching methods using different solvents (water, hydrochloric acid, and acetic acid: Japanese leaching test Nos. 18 and 19 and modified toxicity characteristic leaching procedure(More)