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BACKGROUND This cross-sectional study was conducted to obtain epidemiologic data on chronic musculoskeletal pain in the Japanese people, and with it a better understanding of the actual conditions and problems involved. METHODS A questionnaire covering basic information, chronic musculoskeletal pain, daily life, quality of life, and social loss was(More)
Iodine-123-labelled iodoamphetamine single-photon emission computed tomography of patients with reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome showed substantial variation in thalamic perfusion of the side contralateral to the painful limb. The variations are related to time from the onset of symptoms, which suggests that the thalamus undergoes adaptive changes in(More)
Based on a square-wave solid-angle analysis, a simplified mathematical model was produced for computing a sequence of potential change in a volume conductor generated by an impulse traveling along a nerve fiber. A conduction block was simulated as a phenomenon in which a depolarization wavefront stops traveling when it reaches a certain point, although the(More)
OBJECTIVES We studied waveform changes associated with a focal conduction block in compression myelopathies. DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 26 patients underwent serial intervertebral recording of spinal somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) after epidural stimulation. The site of compression identified by abrupt reduction in size of the negative peak(More)
Ascending axonal volleys were analysed after epidural stimulation at multiple sites along the cervical cord to localise the site of the lesion precisely in cervical spondylotic myelopathy. The intraoperative recordings uncovered a single site of focal conduction block in 129 of 136 affected patients who underwent surgical intervention because of evidence of(More)
OBJECTIVE Ketamine hydrochloride (KET), an agent used for general anesthesia, has local anesthetic effects and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist action. Because recent studies emphasized the role of peripherally distributed NMDA receptors in processing the nociceptive information, we investigated whether peripheral application of the ointment(More)
BACKGROUND Premedication with sedatives can decrease the discomfort associated with invasive anesthetic procedures. Some researchers have shown that acupressure on the acupuncture extra 1 point is effective for sedation. We investigated whether acupressure on the extra 1 point could alleviate the pain of needle insertion. METHODS We investigated the(More)
PURPOSE Painful neuropathic conditions of cancer pain often show little response to nonopioid and opioid analgesics but may be eased by antidepressants and anticonvulsants. Although gabapentin is effective in the treatment of neuropathic pain in patients with cancer, some patients experience intolerable side effects sufficient to warrant discontinuation.(More)
STUDY DESIGN A retrospective clinical study was conducted. OBJECTIVE To investigate the relative safety of anterior microsurgical decompression with iliac strut graft fusion versus laminoplasty for a massive ossified posterior longitudinal ligament in the cervical spine. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA The question of how the treatment for cervical(More)
BACKGROUND An epidemiological survey conducted in Japan in fiscal year 2010 revealed a high prevalence of chronic musculoskeletal pain, low patient satisfaction with treatment, a high incidence of protracted treatment lasting a year or more, and reduced quality of life. To improve the current system for treating chronic musculoskeletal pain, it is important(More)