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BACKGROUND This cross-sectional study was conducted to obtain epidemiologic data on chronic musculoskeletal pain in the Japanese people, and with it a better understanding of the actual conditions and problems involved. METHODS A questionnaire covering basic information, chronic musculoskeletal pain, daily life, quality of life, and social loss was(More)
Iodine-123-labelled iodoamphetamine single-photon emission computed tomography of patients with reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome showed substantial variation in thalamic perfusion of the side contralateral to the painful limb. The variations are related to time from the onset of symptoms, which suggests that the thalamus undergoes adaptive changes in(More)
Based on a square-wave solid-angle analysis, a simplified mathematical model was produced for computing a sequence of potential change in a volume conductor generated by an impulse traveling along a nerve fiber. A conduction block was simulated as a phenomenon in which a depolarization wavefront stops traveling when it reaches a certain point, although the(More)
Joint contracture, a major complication after casting, usually makes the therapeutic outcome worse by causing a limited range of motion and related pain. We developed rat models of wrist contracture with fracture of the radius (group A) and wrist contracture without fracture (group B), and investigated whether contracture and fracture changed the(More)
OBJECTIVE Ketamine hydrochloride (KET), an agent used for general anesthesia, has local anesthetic effects and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist action. Because recent studies emphasized the role of peripherally distributed NMDA receptors in processing the nociceptive information, we investigated whether peripheral application of the ointment(More)
The present study investigated neural correlates of affect processing in allodynia patients (n=8) and healthy controls (n=12) with the aid of virtual tactile stimulation. Whole brain functional magnetic resonance imaging was performed for allodynia patients and healthy volunteers while they were shown a video demonstrating light stimulation of the palm and(More)
BACKGROUND The subchondral bone of the distal femur is a source of pain caused by osteoarthritis (OA) or spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee. However, nociceptive phenotype of dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons innervating the subchondral bone in rat knee joints has not been clarified. METHODS Retrograde labelling was used to identify afferents(More)
To test the hypothesis that the N1 component of auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) is one form of the change-related response elicited by an abrupt change in sound pressure from a silent background, two AEP experiments were conducted. Change-N1 was evoked by a test stimulus at 70dB following a 3-s conditioning stimulus of 0-69dB. On-N1 was evoked by the test(More)
Contralateral thalamus, the place of termination of spinothalamic tract, is affected in patients with pain. We employed single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to evaluate the thalamic perfusion in patients with spontaneous neuropathic pain. Ten patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) and eleven radiculopathiy patients were enrolled(More)
Psychological factors are known to play an extremely important role in the maintenance and development of chronic pain conditions. However, it is unclear how such factors relate to the central neural processing of nociceptive transmission in healthy individuals. To investigate this issue, the activation of the brain was studied in 30 healthy volunteers(More)