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BACKGROUND This cross-sectional study was conducted to obtain epidemiologic data on chronic musculoskeletal pain in the Japanese people, and with it a better understanding of the actual conditions and problems involved. METHODS A questionnaire covering basic information, chronic musculoskeletal pain, daily life, quality of life, and social loss was(More)
Iodine-123-labelled iodoamphetamine single-photon emission computed tomography of patients with reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome showed substantial variation in thalamic perfusion of the side contralateral to the painful limb. The variations are related to time from the onset of symptoms, which suggests that the thalamus undergoes adaptive changes in(More)
Based on a square-wave solid-angle analysis, a simplified mathematical model was produced for computing a sequence of potential change in a volume conductor generated by an impulse traveling along a nerve fiber. A conduction block was simulated as a phenomenon in which a depolarization wavefront stops traveling when it reaches a certain point, although the(More)
Joint contracture, a major complication after casting, usually makes the therapeutic outcome worse by causing a limited range of motion and related pain. We developed rat models of wrist contracture with fracture of the radius (group A) and wrist contracture without fracture (group B), and investigated whether contracture and fracture changed the(More)
OBJECTIVE Ketamine hydrochloride (KET), an agent used for general anesthesia, has local anesthetic effects and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist action. Because recent studies emphasized the role of peripherally distributed NMDA receptors in processing the nociceptive information, we investigated whether peripheral application of the ointment(More)
The present study investigated neural correlates of affect processing in allodynia patients (n=8) and healthy controls (n=12) with the aid of virtual tactile stimulation. Whole brain functional magnetic resonance imaging was performed for allodynia patients and healthy volunteers while they were shown a video demonstrating light stimulation of the palm and(More)
BACKGROUND The subchondral bone of the distal femur is a source of pain caused by osteoarthritis (OA) or spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee. However, nociceptive phenotype of dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons innervating the subchondral bone in rat knee joints has not been clarified. METHODS Retrograde labelling was used to identify afferents(More)
The authors present clinical, radiological, and pathological features of the "widespread" type of primary spinal oligodendroglioma arising in a 12-year-old boy. The initial symptoms were gait disturbance, hypesthesia of the lower trunk, and scoliosis. Gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging revealed an intramedullary tumor with syringomyelia. The(More)
To test the hypothesis that the N1 component of auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) is one form of the change-related response elicited by an abrupt change in sound pressure from a silent background, two AEP experiments were conducted. Change-N1 was evoked by a test stimulus at 70dB following a 3-s conditioning stimulus of 0-69dB. On-N1 was evoked by the test(More)
BACKGROUND Premedication with sedatives can decrease the discomfort associated with invasive anesthetic procedures. Some researchers have shown that acupressure on the acupuncture extra 1 point is effective for sedation. We investigated whether acupressure on the extra 1 point could alleviate the pain of needle insertion. METHODS We investigated the(More)