Takahiro Ueno

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BACKGROUND Paraoxonase1 (PON1) is HDL-associated ester hydrolase which has been shown to prevent LDL and HDL oxidation in vitro. PON1-coding region has two common polymorphisms (M/L55 and A/B192) that influence PON activity. We examined whether these polymorphisms relates with the incidence of cerebral infarction (CI) which is one of the major(More)
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) show the synthetic phenotype and exaggerated growth in comparison with VSMCs from normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. We investigated genes associated with the synthetic phenotype and exaggerated growth of VSMCs from SHR by microarray. Expression of 1300 transcripts was(More)
Pyrrole-imidazole polyamide can be combined in antiparallel side-by-side dimeric complexes along the minor groove of DNA in a sequence-specific manner. Pyrrole-imidazole polyamides are effective inhibitors of transcription factors as well as viral repressors and transactivators. Recently, lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) was(More)
AIM To investigate the mechanisms underlying the pro-angiogenic effects of statin, the effects of atorvastatin were investigated on the expression of angiogenic factors in ischemic hindlimbs of rats. The function and number of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) were investigated in hypertensive rats. METHODS Hindlimb ischemia rats were administered 10 or(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo) J, clusterin, is ubiquitously expressed in many tissues, and is a component of high-density lipoproteins (HDLs). There is experimental evidence that it may be anti-atherogenic through its effects on cholesterol transport, smooth muscle cell proliferation and lipid peroxidation. HDLs containing apo J and apo A-I carry paraoxonase (PON1),(More)
BACKGROUND Anderson's Disease (AD)/Chylomicron Retention Disease (CMRD) is a rare hereditary hypocholesterolemic disorder characterized by a malabsorption syndrome with steatorrhea, failure to thrive and the absence of chylomicrons and apolipoprotein B48 post-prandially. All patients studied to date exhibit a mutation in the SAR1B gene, which codes for an(More)
Zinc-finger transcriptional factor Sall1 modulates gene expression and regulates organogenesis, including kidney development. Angiogenesis induced by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is also required for organogenesis. We investigated whether Sall1 induces angiogenesis through VEGF gene activation. Sall1 gene transfer induced marked(More)
While bupivacaine is more cardiotoxic than other local anesthetics, the mechanistic background for different toxic effects remains unclear. Several cardiotoxic compounds act on lipid bilayers to change the physicochemical properties of membranes. We comparatively studied the interaction of local anesthetics with lipid membranous systems which might be(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor blocker (ARB) has been reported to have protective effects on the cardiovascular system independent of blood pressure reduction. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play a significant role in neovascularization of ischemic tissue. The average lifespan of EPCs was recently reported to be shortened by oxidative(More)
We evaluated the effects of the angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor blocker (ARB) losartan on the formation and number of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in hypertensive rats. Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and stroke-prone, spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR-SP) were salt-loaded and then treated with losartan (10 mg/kg/day), trichlormethiazide (TCM; 1.6(More)