Takahiro Toyokawa

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BACKGROUND Pulmonary complications (PCs) after esophagectomy for patients with esophageal cancer have been correlated with prolonged hospital stays and in-hospital mortality. Previous studies have shown that minimally-invasive esophagectomy (MIE) is associated with a lower rate of PCs compared to conventional open surgery. Although PCs were reportedly(More)
AIM A meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate and compare the short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic and conventional open surgery for gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). MATERIALS AND METHODS We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index, and the Cochrane Controlled Trial Register for relevant articles published between 2000 and(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, the preoperative immune-nutritional status has been reported to correlate with the survival rate in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). However, there have been no reports on the relationship between the controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score and the clinical outcome after curative surgery for CRC. We herein evaluated the(More)
The necessity of additional gastrectomy for patients not meeting the inclusion criteria after endoscopic submu cosal dissection (ESD) is controversial. The aim of this study was to elucidate the risk factors for lymph node metastasis (LNM) and residual cancer (RC) in patients not meeting the inclusion criteria after ESD and to determine additional treatment(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM The cell surface receptor programmed death-1 (PD1) and its ligand (PDL1) have been detected in various cancer types. It has been reported that expression of PDL1 and PD1 in a tumor is associated with poor prognosis of the patient. In the present study, we retrospectively examined tumor expression of PDL1 and intratumoral PD1(+) cell(More)
BUF/Mna strain rats spontaneously develop renal glomerular sclerotic lesions (RSL) at a nearly 100% incidence, diagnosed by hyperalbuminuria (greater than 500 mg/dl) and glomerular lesions morphologically resembling one type of human focal glomerular sclerosis (FGS). Genetic segregation of RSL development was studied by crossing the BUF/Mna strain with two(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) may be related to progression in several cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of pretreatment NLR in advanced gastric cancer on the prognosis of the patients stratified by metastatic pattern. METHODS We retrospectively investigated clinical data from 191 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE We report a case of left adrenal schwannoma in a 62-year-old man, incidentally discovered on an abdominal computed tomography. It was successfully treated with laparoscopic adrenalectomy. METHODS On admission, no remarkable findings were recognized in the patient's blood and urine examination, including adrenal function. Laparoscopic left(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to evaluate the significance of the combination of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) levels as a prognostic indicator and for monitoring for recurrence and metastasis after potentially curative surgery for patients with stage II colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total(More)
BACKGROUND Markers of systemic inflammation, such as the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), C-reactive protein (CRP) level and Glasgow prognostic score (GPS), have been reported to be useful prognostic indicators for various types of cancers. However, most of the existing reports investigated the preoperative status, and the significance of markers of(More)