Takahiro Shima

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Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) originates from self-renewing leukemic stem cells (LSCs), an ultimate therapeutic target for AML. Here we identified T cell immunoglobulin mucin-3 (TIM-3) as a surface molecule expressed on LSCs in most types of AML except for acute promyelocytic leukemia, but not on normal hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). TIM-3(+) but not(More)
Myeloid cell leukemia-1 (MCL-1) is an essential survival factor for hematopoiesis. In humans, hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) express MCL-1 at the highest level in response to FMS-like tyrosine kinase-3 (FLT3) signaling. We here show that this FLT3-dependent stem cell maintenance system also plays a critical role in survival of leukemic stem cells (LSCs) in(More)
Current mouse lines efficient for human cell xenotransplantation are backcrossed into NOD mice to introduce its multiple immunodeficient phenotypes. Our positional genetic study has located the NOD-specific polymorphic Sirpa as a molecule responsible for its high xenograft efficiency: it recognizes human CD47 and the resultant signaling may cause NOD(More)
Type IV P-type ATPases (P4-ATPases) are putative phospholipid flippases that translocate phospholipids from the exoplasmic (lumenal) to the cytoplasmic leaflet of lipid bilayers and are believed to function in complex with CDC50 proteins. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, five P4-ATPases are localized to specific cellular compartments and are required for(More)
Previous studies have predicted that reciprocal activation of GATA-1 and PU.1 regulates myelo-erythroid versus myelo-lymphoid lineage commitment in early hematopoiesis. Such PU.1-activating myelo-lymphoid progenitors exist within the lymphoid-primed multipotent progenitor (LMPP) population at the primitive Lineage(-) Sca-1(+) c-Kit(+) (LSK) stage. We here(More)
UNLABELLED Transient marrow expansion of normal B-cell precursors, termed hematogones, is occasionally observed after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). To understand the clinical significance of this phenomenon, we enumerated hematogones in 108 consecutive patients who received allogeneic HSCT for the treatment of hematologic malignancies,(More)
We report here that in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), the propensity to generate clonal B cells has been acquired already at the hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) stage. HSCs purified from patients with CLL displayed lymphoid-lineage gene priming and produced a high number of polyclonal B cell progenitors. Strikingly, their maturation into B cells was(More)
To evaluate the normal intradural spinal veins, we used postgadolinium three-dimensional time-of-flight MR angiography (MRA) at 1.5T in 7 subjects. MR images and MR angiograms[32/6/1 (TR/TE/NEX)] were obtained after a bolus injection of Gd-DTPA (0.15-0.2 mmol/kg). We reconstructed images using an equipped function, so-called multiplanar reconstruction. The(More)