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BACKGROUND The inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) protects the heart from acute myocardial ischemia. However, the role of DPP4 in chronic heart failure independent of coronary artery disease remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS We first localized the membrane-bound form of DPP4 to the capillary endothelia of rat and human heart tissue. Diabetes(More)
BACKGROUND Serum indoxyl sulfate (IS) is a uremic toxin that accelerates the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of this study was to determine whether serum IS is associated with hemodynamic parameters or cardiac events in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS AND RESULTS The 76 patients with DCM had their serum(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) can predict future cardiovascular disease. Rupture of vulnerable plaque which often has a large lipid core with a thin fibrous cap causes acute coronary syndrome including sudden cardiac death. We tested our hypothesis that preserved CRF is associated with low lipid composition and thick fibrous cap thickness of(More)
Blonanserin is a novel antipsychotic agent that preferentially interacts with dopamine D(2) and 5-HT(2A) receptors. To assess the atypical properties of blonanserin, we evaluated its propensity to induce extrapyramidal side effects (EPS) and to enhance forebrain Fos expression in mice. The actions of AD-6048, a primary metabolite of blonanserin, in(More)
AIMS To assess the effects of diabetes mellitus (DM) on myocardial collagen accumulation, myocardial relaxation, and prognosis in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS A total of 102 consecutive DCM patients with a New York Heart Association functional class of I or II were enrolled. Patients were allocated to two groups on the basis of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Heart and aorta possess biologic clocks, but their involvement in genetic hypertension has been unknown. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) expression is directly regulated by clock genes, while angiotensin II modulates both PAI-1 and clock gene expression. We therefore examined circadian expression of PAI-1 and clock genes, and effects of(More)
BACKGROUND Mitochondrial damage is associated with histologic myocardial fibrosis. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) can be used to identify focal fibrosis. We examined whether myocardial fibrosis on CMR and collagen volume fraction (CVF) from biopsies correlated with left ventricular (LV) and mitochondrial function in(More)
AIMS The 6-min walking distance is often used for assessing the exercise capacity under the treatment with an endothelin receptor antagonist (ERA) in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). The cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) was reported to be more useful for the patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH),(More)
The relationship between mild-to-moderate renal dysfunction and cardiac diastolic dysfunction and cardiac events in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NDCM) has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between renal and cardiac function, as well as clinical outcome in patients with NDCM.We measured(More)
OBJECTIVES This study investigated whether the technitium-99m sestamibi (MIBI) washout rate (WR) would predict mitochondrial damage and myocardial dysfunction in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). BACKGROUND Myocardial mitochondrial damage reduces adenosine triphosphate production, resulting in myocardial dysfunction. Increased myocardial(More)