Takahiro Nomoto

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Small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA) cancer therapies administered by intravenous injection require a delivery system for transport from the bloodstream into the cytoplasm of diseased cells to perform the function of gene silencing. Here we describe nanosized polymeric micelles that deliver siRNA to solid tumors and elicit a therapeutic effect. Stable(More)
Organic-inorganic hybrid nanoparticles with calcium phosphate (CaP) core and PEGylated shell were developed to incorporate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid gadolinium (III) (Gd-DTPA) for noninvasive diagnosis of solid tumors. A two-step preparation method was applied to elaborate hybrid nanoparticles with a(More)
Adequate retention in systemic circulation is the preliminary requirement for systemic gene delivery to afford high bioavailability into the targeted site. Polyplex micelle formulated through self-assembly of oppositely-charged poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-polycation block copolymer and plasmid DNA has gained tempting perspective upon its advantageous(More)
Ligand-mediated drug delivery systems have enormous potential for improving the efficacy of cancer treatment. In particular, Arg-Gly-Asp peptides are promising ligand molecules for targeting αvβ3/αvβ5 integrins, which are overexpressed in angiogenic sites and tumors, such as intractable human glioblastoma (U87MG). We here achieved highly efficient drug(More)
We describe the development and application of intravital confocal micro-videography to visualize entrance, distribution, and clearance of drugs within various tissues and organs. We use a Nikon A1R confocal laser scanning microscope system attached to an upright ECLIPSE FN1. The Nikon A1R allows simultaneous four channel acquisition and speed of 30 frames(More)
Surface modification using poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) is a widely used strategy to improve the biocompatibility of cationic polymer-based nonviral gene vectors (polyplexes). A novel method based on intravital real-time confocal laser scanning microscopy (IVRTCLSM) was applied to quantify the dynamic states of polyplexes in the bloodstream, thereby(More)
Enhanced permeability in tumours is thought to result from malformed vascular walls with leaky cell-to-cell junctions. This assertion is backed by studies using electron microscopy and polymer casts that show incomplete pericyte coverage of tumour vessels and the presence of intercellular gaps. However, this gives the impression that tumour permeability is(More)
Nanocarriers responding to light have great potential for pinpoint therapy, and recent studies have revealed promising in vivo activity. However, light-selective gene transfer still remains challenging in the systemic application. Here we report systemic light-responsive nanocarriers for gene delivery developed through the sequential self-assembly of(More)
Occult nodal metastases increase the risk of cancer recurrence, demoting prognosis and quality of life of patients. While targeted drug delivery by using systemically administered nanocarriers can potentially control metastatic disease, lymph node metastases have been mainly dealt by locally injecting nanocarriers, which may not always be applicable.(More)
A system that permits the delivery of cargoes to the lung endothelium would be extraordinarily useful in terms of curing a wide variety of lung-related diseases. This study describes the development of a multifunctional envelope-type nanodevice (MEND) that targets the lung endothelium, delivers its encapsulated siRNA to the cytoplasm, and eradicates lung(More)