Takahiro Matsui

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AIMS To further characterize, in a rat model, the effects of atherosclerosis-induced chronic bladder ischemia on bladder function and associated changes in oxidative stress markers and proinflammatory cytokines. METHODS Adult Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into three groups (arterial endothelial injury: AI, sham, naïve). The AI group (n = 14)(More)
HNK-1 carbohydrate expressed predominantly in the nervous system is considered to be involved in cell migration, recognition, adhesion, and synaptic plasticity. Human natural killer-1 (HNK-1) carbohydrate has a unique structure consisting of a sulfated trisaccharide (HSO3-3GlcAbeta1-3Galbeta1-4GlcNAc-) and is sequentially biosynthesized by one of two(More)
Cells constituting the tumor microenvironment are attractive targets for developing new cancer therapies. Here we show that cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) support tumor growth in vivo and maintain the stemness of cancer stem/initiating cells in an in vitro model using an established CAF cell line. We found that CD44 is abundantly expressed on CAFs.(More)
Cancer recurrence has been suggested to be induced by residual cancer-initiating cells (CICs) or cancer stem cells (CSCs) after chemotherapy. Moreover, it is possible that CICs/CSCs acquire more aggressive behavior after therapy as shown by invasion and metastasis. In the cancer microenvironment, CICs/CSCs may localize in a specific area, the so-called stem(More)
Eviprostat is a phytotherapeutic agent that has been used widely for more than 40 years in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in Japan and Germany, and is known to have antioxidant activity. The present study investigated the effect of Eviprostat on the levels of the urinary oxidative stress marker 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in a(More)
Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) represent an extracellular, spider's web-like structure resulting from cell death of neutrophils. NETs play an important role in innate immunity against microbial infection, but their roles in human pathological processes remain largely unknown. NETs and fibrin meshwork both showing fibrillar structures are observed at(More)
OBJECTIVES To clarify the mechanism by which chronic bladder ischemia causes bladder functional changes, and to investigate the involvement of oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory cytokines, and the effects of the phytotherapeutic drug, Eviprostat, on these biochemical marker levels and bladder function. METHODS Male Sprague-Dawley rats aged 15 weeks(More)
We performed pre-embedding electron microscopic study for visualizing the antigen and genome of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) virus in the cytoplasm of macrophages of the human splenic red pulp, both requesting preheating treatment of sections. To pursue this, coated glass slides with unique characteristics are needed. Namely, during(More)
Coil-type silicone membrane oxygenators can only be used with roller blood pumps due to the resistance from the high blood flow. Therefore, during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) treatment, the combination of a roller pump and an oxygenator with a high blood flow resistance will induce severe hemolysis, which is a serious problem. A silicone(More)
A 64-year-old man with advanced liver cirrhosis was transferred to an emergency center due to septic shock and markedly inflamed left leg. Under a clinical diagnosis of necrotizing soft tissue infection (NSTI), the patient undertook intensive therapy but died 25 h after arrival. The pathogenic organism, Serratia marcescens, was later isolated from blood and(More)