Takahiro Matsui

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AIMS To further characterize, in a rat model, the effects of atherosclerosis-induced chronic bladder ischemia on bladder function and associated changes in oxidative stress markers and proinflammatory cytokines. METHODS Adult Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into three groups (arterial endothelial injury: AI, sham, naïve). The AI group (n = 14)(More)
Cells constituting the tumor microenvironment are attractive targets for developing new cancer therapies. Here we show that cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) support tumor growth in vivo and maintain the stemness of cancer stem/initiating cells in an in vitro model using an established CAF cell line. We found that CD44 is abundantly expressed on CAFs.(More)
Many techniques for endoscopic resection of rectal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) have been reported [1]. Among these, endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has recently been applied [2]. Although ESD may have the advantage over conventional endoscopic mucosal resection of achieving a complete (R0) resection [3], the crush artifact caused by burn or(More)
HNK-1 carbohydrate expressed predominantly in the nervous system is considered to be involved in cell migration, recognition, adhesion, and synaptic plasticity. Human natural killer-1 (HNK-1) carbohydrate has a unique structure consisting of a sulfated trisaccharide (HSO3-3GlcAbeta1-3Galbeta1-4GlcNAc-) and is sequentially biosynthesized by one of two(More)
Coil-type silicone membrane oxygenators can only be used with roller blood pumps due to the resistance from the high blood flow. Therefore, during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) treatment, the combination of a roller pump and an oxygenator with a high blood flow resistance will induce severe hemolysis, which is a serious problem. A silicone(More)
Cancer recurrence has been suggested to be induced by residual cancer-initiating cells (CICs) or cancer stem cells (CSCs) after chemotherapy. Moreover, it is possible that CICs/CSCs acquire more aggressive behavior after therapy as shown by invasion and metastasis. In the cancer microenvironment, CICs/CSCs may localize in a specific area, the so-called stem(More)
Eviprostat is a phytotherapeutic agent that has been used widely for more than 40 years in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in Japan and Germany, and is known to have antioxidant activity. The present study investigated the effect of Eviprostat on the levels of the urinary oxidative stress marker 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in a(More)
Silicone rubber hollow fiber membrane produces an ideal gas exchange for long-term ECMO due to nonporous characteristics. The extracapillary type silicone rubber ECMO oxygenator having an ultrathin hollow fiber membrane was developed for pediatric application. The test modules were compared to conventional silicone coil-type ECMO modules. In vitro(More)
BACKGROUND Glomus tumors typically occur in the subcutaneous tissue of distal extremities, but rarely in visceral organs. Most glomus tumors are benign, while others have been reported to have malignant potential. Herein, a unique case of a liver glomus tumor with atypical histological features is reported. CASE PRESENTATION A 39-year-old man felt(More)
OBJECTIVES To clarify the mechanism by which chronic bladder ischemia causes bladder functional changes, and to investigate the involvement of oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory cytokines, and the effects of the phytotherapeutic drug, Eviprostat, on these biochemical marker levels and bladder function. METHODS Male Sprague-Dawley rats aged 15 weeks(More)