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Two samples of diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) predominate in health effects research: an automobile-derived DEP (A-DEP) sample and the National Institute of Standards Technology standard reference material (SRM 2975) generated from a forklift engine. A-DEPs have been tested extensively for their effects on pulmonary inflammation and exacerbation of(More)
Many pulmonary toxicity studies of diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) have used an automobile-generated sample (A-DEPs) whose mutagenicity has not been reported. In contrast, many mutagenicity studies of DEPs have used a forklift-generated sample (SRM 2975) that has been evaluated in only a few pulmonary toxicity studies. Therefore, we evaluated the(More)
Particulate matter including carbon black (CB) nanoparticles can enhance antigen-related inflammation and immunoglobulin production in vivo. Dendritic cells (DC) as antigen-presenting cells (APC) are the most capable inducers of immune responses. The present study was designed to determine whether CB nanoparticles affect the maturation/activation and(More)
Since our previous study demonstrated the exacerbation of acute myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (AMIR)-related arrhythmia by intratracheal instillation (IT) of diesel exhaust particles (DEP), the influence of IT with extracts of DEP in organic solvents on AMIR-related arrhythmia was examined in rats. Oxidative activity in a non-biological assay system and(More)
Epidemiological studies have suggested that fine particulate matter (f-PM) is associated with adverse effects on cardiovascular health. However, these effects on the cardiovascular system have not yet been fully elucidated. Using mRNA expression and correlation analyses, we designed the present study to elucidate (1) translocation of chemicals in inhaled(More)
Assessment of human exposure is important for the elucidation of potential health risks. However, there is little information available on particle number concentrations and number size distributions, including those of nanoparticles, in the working environments of factories producing engineered nanomaterials. The authors used a scanning mobility particle(More)
Renal stone formation and renal failure among Chinese infants administered melamine-containing formula were increasingly reported in 2008. We investigated the mechanism by which melamine and cyanuric acid induce renal stone formation and renal failure. Ten-week-old rats were administered either melamine [2.4, 24, or 240 mg/kg/day], both melamine and(More)
Several studies show that ultrafine particles have a larger surface area than coarse particles, thus causing a greater inflammatory response. In this study, we investigated chemical and biological oxidative effects of nanoparticles in vitro. Carbon black (CB) nanoparticles with mean aerodynamic diameters of 14, 56, and 95nm were examined. The innate(More)
Diesel exhaust nanoparticles easily coagulate during transportation from the engine to the inhalation chamber, depending on concentrations and residence times. Although dilution is effective in suppressing coagulation growth of nanoparticles, volatile organic carbon (OC) evaporates as a result of dilution. Thus, the design of an inhalation facility to(More)