Takahiro Kobayashi

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Two samples of diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) predominate in health effects research: an automobile-derived DEP (A-DEP) sample and the National Institute of Standards Technology standard reference material (SRM 2975) generated from a forklift engine. A-DEPs have been tested extensively for their effects on pulmonary inflammation and exacerbation of(More)
Assessment of human exposure is important for the elucidation of potential health risks. However, there is little information available on particle number concentrations and number size distributions, including those of nanoparticles, in the working environments of factories producing engineered nanomaterials. The authors used a scanning mobility particle(More)
Exposure to fine particulate materials is associated with an increase in mortality rate of cardiovascular diseases. Particles deposited in the lung may affect the vascular system both directly (leaching of soluble components from particles) and indirectly (via cytokines and mediators). The present study addressed cytotoxicity and oxidative stress potency of(More)
Several studies show that ultrafine particles have a larger surface area than coarse particles, thus causing a greater inflammatory response. In this study, we investigated chemical and biological oxidative effects of nanoparticles in vitro. Carbon black (CB) nanoparticles with mean aerodynamic diameters of 14, 56, and 95nm were examined. The innate(More)
Many pulmonary toxicity studies of diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) have used an automobile-generated sample (A-DEPs) whose mutagenicity has not been reported. In contrast, many mutagenicity studies of DEPs have used a forklift-generated sample (SRM 2975) that has been evaluated in only a few pulmonary toxicity studies. Therefore, we evaluated the(More)
Renal stone formation and renal failure among Chinese infants administered melamine-containing formula were increasingly reported in 2008. We investigated the mechanism by which melamine and cyanuric acid induce renal stone formation and renal failure. Ten-week-old rats were administered either melamine [2.4, 24, or 240 mg/kg/day], both melamine and(More)
Ambient air ultrafine particles (UFPs) have gained enormous attention to many researchers with recent evidence showing them to have more hazardous effects on human health than larger ambient particles. Studies focusing the possibility of effects on brain are quite limited. To examine the effect of ultrafine carbon black (ufCB) on mice brain, we instilled(More)
Recently, there have been increasing reports that nano-sized component of particulate matter can reach the brain and may be associated with neurodegenerative diseases. Previously, our laboratory has studied the effect of intranasal instillation of nano-sized carbon black (CB) (14 nm and 95 nm) on brain cytokine and chemokine mRNA expressions and found that(More)
Endothelial cells play important roles in anticoagulant and fibrinolytic systems. Recent studies suggest that increases in ambient particulate matter (PM) levels have been associated with an increase in mortality rate from cardiovascular diseases. We examined the production of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and factors related to the fibrinolytic function by rat(More)
Epidemiological studies have suggested that fine particulate matter (f-PM) is associated with adverse effects on cardiovascular health. However, these effects on the cardiovascular system have not yet been fully elucidated. Using mRNA expression and correlation analyses, we designed the present study to elucidate (1) translocation of chemicals in inhaled(More)