This paper discusses a continuous-time system identification of the battery for electric vehicles (EVs). Although it is important to know a state of charge (SOC) and parameters of the battery to maximize its efficiency and safety, there are still some difficulties in estimating them. The development of the battery model suffers from the battery… (More)
We describe a floating point arithmetic unit (FPU) which supports static scheduling by automatic parallelizing compiler. This FPU designed to work with 50 MHz clock with the assistance of EDA synthesis and layout tools. Under the clock rate condition, it appears that this FPU requires about 120,000 gates and marks 8.2 MFLOPS with the clock level simulations.