Takahiro Kamimoto

Learn More
We found that the autophagic machinery could effectively eliminate pathogenic group A Streptococcus (GAS) within nonphagocytic cells. After escaping from endosomes into the cytoplasm, GAS became enveloped by autophagosome-like compartments and were killed upon fusion of these compartments with lysosomes. In autophagy-deficient Atg5-/- cells, GAS survived,(More)
Mutant alpha(1)-antitrypsin Z (alpha(1)-ATZ) protein, which has a tendency to form aggregated polymers as it accumulates within the endoplasmic reticulum of the liver cells, is associated with the development of chronic liver injury and hepatocellular carcinoma in hereditary alpha(1)-antitrypsin (alpha(1)-AT) deficiency. Previous studies have suggested that(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNA (miRNA) is an emerging subclass of small non-coding RNAs that regulates gene expression and has a pivotal role for many physiological processes including cancer development. Recent reports revealed the role of miRNAs as ideal biomarkers and therapeutic targets due to their tissue- or disease-specific nature. Head and neck cancer (HNC) is(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are activated in response to various extracellular stimuli, and their activities are regulated by upstream activating kinases and protein phosphatases such as MAPK phosphatases (MKPs). We report the identification and characterization of a novel MKP termed SKRP1 (SAPK pathway-regulating phosphatase 1). It contains(More)
Wavelength-modulation spectroscopy with a standard commercial 1.55-microm distributed-feedback diode laser was applied to in situ quantitative measurements of OH radical concentration in combustion environments. The second-harmonic (2f) signal was generated from absorption by the P11.5 (nu', nu") = (2, 0) overtone vibrational transition of OH at 6421.354(More)
Stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) pathway-regulating phosphatase 1 (SKRP1) has been identified as a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphatase (MKP) family that interacts physically with the MAPK kinase (MAPKK) MKK7, a c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activator, and inactivates the MAPK JNK pathway. Although these findings indicated(More)
The Tie2 receptor tyrosine kinase plays a pivotal role in vascular and hematopoietic development. The major intracellular signaling systems activated by Tie2 in response to Angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) include the Akt and Erk1/2 pathways. Here, we investigated the role of cholesterol-rich plasma membrane microdomains (lipid rafts) in Tie2 regulation. Tie2 could(More)
The demands for lowering the burdens on the environment will continue to grow steadily. It is important to monitor controlling factors in order to improve the operation of industrial thermal systems. In engines, exhaust gas temperature and concentration distributions are important factors in nitrogen oxides (NOx), total hydrocarbon (THC) and particulate(More)
ATF3 (Activating transcription factor 3), a member of the CREB/ATF family, can be induced by stress and growth factors in mammalian cells, and is thought to play an important role in the cardiovascular system. However, little is currently known about how the induction of ATF3 is regulated, except that the JNK pathway is involved. Here, we investigated the(More)