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We investigated the expression of Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) and the functional role of NCX in retinal damage by using NCX1-heterozygous deficient mice (NCX1(+/-)) and SEA0400 (2-[4-[(2,5-difluorophenyl)methoxy] phenoxy]-5-ethoxyaniline), a selective NCX inhibitor in vivo. We also examined the role of NCX in oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) stress with a(More)
We previously reported that a ganglioside mixture from bovine brain could prevent neuronal death and promote regeneration in rats with hypoglossal nerve resection. In the present study, we have compared the neurotrophic effects of various glycosphingolipids including lactosyl-ceramide. The findings revealed that GT1b had the activity of neuronal death(More)
A synthetic 23-mer peptide (M2GlyR) with the amino acid sequence of the putative transmembrane segment M2 of the strychnine-binding alpha subunit of the inhibitory glycine receptor forms anion-selective channels in phospholipid bilayers. The most frequent events show single-channel conductances, gamma, of 25 pS and 49 pS in symmetric 0.5 M KCl with channel(More)
We investigated the pharmacological properties and interaction domains of N-(3-aminobenzyl)-6-{4-[(3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]phenoxy} nicotinamide (YM-244769), a novel potent Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange (NCX) inhibitor, using various NCX-transfectants and neuronal and renal cell lines. YM-244769 preferentially inhibited intracellular Na(+)-dependent (45)Ca(2+) uptake(More)
Ca(2+)/cation antiporters catalyze the exchange of Ca(2+) with various cations across biological membranes to regulate cytosolic calcium levels. The recently reported structure of a prokaryotic Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX_Mj) revealed its overall architecture in an outward-facing state. Here, we report the crystal structure of a H(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger from(More)
We created knock-in mice in which a deletion of 3 base pairs coding for K210 in cardiac troponin (cTn)T found in familial dilated cardiomyopathy patients was introduced into endogenous genes. Membrane-permeabilized cardiac muscle fibers from mutant mice showed significantly lower Ca(2+) sensitivity in force generation than those from wild-type mice. Peak(More)
BACKGROUND For the contraction and relaxation of gastric smooth muscles to occur, the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration must be increased and decreased, respectively. The Na(+) /Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) is a plasma membrane transporter that is involved in regulating intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations. METHODS To determine the role of NCX in(More)
Bradykinin (BK) is produced and acts at the site of injury and inflammation. In the CNS, migration of microglia toward the lesion site plays an important role pathologically. In the present study, we investigated the effect of BK on microglial migration. Increased motility of cultured microglia was mimicked by B1 receptor agonists and markedly inhibited by(More)
BACKGROUND The Na(+) /Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) is a plasma membrane transporter involved in regulating intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations. NCX is critical for Ca(2+) regulation in cardiac muscle, vascular smooth muscle, and nerve fibers. However, little is known about the physiological role of NCX in the myenteric neurons and smooth muscles of the(More)