Takahiro Hatanaka

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SIRT1 is one of seven mammalian orthologs of yeast silent information regulator 2 (Sir2), and it functions as a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent deacetylase. Recently, resveratrol and its analogues, which are polyphenols, have been reported to activate the deacetylase activity of SIRT1 in an in vitro assay and to expand the life-span of(More)
D-Serine, synthesized endogenously in the brain, is an important modulator of glutamatergic neurotransmission. Since colonic bacteria produce D-serine, we asked the question whether there are transport mechanisms in the colon that might make this exogenously produced D-serine available to the host. Here we identify for the first time an amino acid(More)
We evaluated the potential of the Na(+)- and Cl(-)-coupled amino acid transporter ATB(0,+) as a delivery system for amino acid-based prodrugs. Immunofluorescence analysis indicated that ATB(0,+) is expressed abundantly on the luminal surface of cells lining the lumen of the large intestine and the airways of the lung and in various ocular tissues, including(More)
We report here that ubiquitin ligase Nedd4-2 regulates amino acid transporter ATA2 activity on the cell surface. We first found that a proteasome inhibitor MG132 increased the uptake of alpha-(methylamino)isobutyric acid, a model substrate for amino acid transport system A, in 3T3-L1 adipocytes as well as the preadipocytes. Transient expression of Nedd4-2(More)
We evaluated the potential of the Na and Cl -coupled amino acid transporter ATB as a delivery system for amino acidbased prodrugs. Immunofluorescence analysis indicated that ATB is expressed abundantly on the luminal surface of cells lining the lumen of the large intestine and the airways of the lung and in various ocular tissues, including the conjunctival(More)
ATB(0,+) [SLC6A14 (solute carrier family 6 member 14)] is an Na(+)/Cl(-)-coupled amino acid transporter whose expression is upregulated in cancer. 1-Methyltryptophan is an inducer of immune surveillance against tumour cells through its ability to inhibit indoleamine dioxygenase. In the present study, we investigated the role of ATB(0,+) in the uptake of(More)
Nanotechnologies to allow the nondisruptive introduction of carriers in vivo have wide potential for therapeutic delivery system. We have prepared functional nano-magnetic particles (d = 3 nm) by silanization with (3-aminopropyl) triethoxysilane. For the purpose of functionalizing the surface of the nanoparticles with amino groups for subsequent(More)
We developed extremely small functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) for use as an in vivo delivery system for pharmaceuticals and biomolecules. We functionalized the MNPs (d = 3 nm) by silanization of amino groups on the particles with (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane for subsequent cross-linking with pharmaceuticals and biomolecules. The MNPs were(More)
Background: SIRT1, a NAD-dependent deacetylase, has diverse roles in a variety of organs such as regulation of endocrine function and metabolism. However, it remains to be addressed how it regulates hormone release there. Methodology/Principal Findings: Here, we report that SIRT1 is abundantly expressed in pituitary thyrotropes and regulates thyroid hormone(More)
Recently, we cloned the ATA/SNAT transporters responsible for amino acid transport system A. System A is one of the major transport systems for small neutral and glucogenic amino acids represented by alanine and is involved in the metabolism of glucose and fat. Here, we describe the cellular mechanisms that participate in the acute translocation of ATA2 by(More)