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Interleukin IL-17 is a proinflammatory cytokine that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various autoimmune diseases. The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs2275913, in the promoter region of the IL-17 gene is associated with susceptibility to ulcerative colitis. When we examined the impact of rs2275913 in a cohort consisting of 438 pairs of(More)
We made a disease-specific comparison of unrelated cord blood (CB) recipients and human leukocyte antigen allele-matched unrelated bone marrow (BM) recipients among 484 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML; 173 CB and 311 BM) and 336 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL; 114 CB and 222 BM) who received myeloablative transplantations. In(More)
Parkin is the causal gene of autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism (AR-JP). Dopamine (DA) metabolism has been linked to Parkinson's disease (PD). To understand the pathogenesis of AR-JP, we generated parkin-deficient mice to assess the status of DA signaling pathway and examine DA release and DA receptor by ex vivo autoradiography. Ex vivo(More)
BACKGROUND The epidemiology of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) encephalitis after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) and its relationship with HHV-6 reactivation have not been sufficiently characterized. METHODS This prospective, multicenter study of 230 allogeneic HCT recipients investigated the epidemiology of HHV-6 reactivation and HHV-6(More)
Kufor-Rakeb syndrome (KRS) is an autosomal recessive form of early-onset parkinsonism linked to the PARK9 locus. The causative gene for KRS is Atp13a2, which encodes a lysosomal type 5 P-type ATPase. We recently showed that KRS/PARK9-linked mutations lead to several lysosomal alterations, including reduced proteolytic processing of cathepsin D in vitro.(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with acute myeloid leukemia who are treated with conventional chemotherapy still have a substantial risk of relapse; the prognostic factors and optimal treatments after relapse have not been fully established. We, therefore, retrospectively analyzed data from patients with acute myeloid leukemia who had achieved first complete remission(More)
Adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATL) is an intractable mature T-cell neoplasm. We performed a nationwide retrospective study of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for ATL in Japan, with special emphasis on the effects of the preconditioning regimen. This is the largest study of ATL patients receiving HSCT. Median overall survival (OS)(More)
The incidence of invasive mold infections has increased during the 1990s among patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) after myeloablative conditioning. In this study, we determined risk factors for invasive mold infection and mold infection-related death among 163 patients undergoing allogeneic HCT with nonmyeloablative(More)
Idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS) is a significant noninfectious complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We compared the incidences and outcomes of IPS among patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT after nonmyeloablative (n = 183) compared with conventional (n = 917) conditioning between December 1997 and December 2001. Patients(More)
Despite aggressive treatment, the median survival of patients with high-grade malignant astrocytoma is about 1 year. The authors investigated the safety and clinical response to immunotherapy using fusions of dendritic and glioma cells combined with recombinant human interleukin 12 (rhIL-12) for the treatment of malignant glioma. Fifteen patients with(More)